検索対象:     
報告書番号:
※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
 年

Dependence of barrier distribution and fusion-fission process on entrance channel

障壁分布と融合核分裂過程の入り口チャンネル依存性

池添 博; 光岡 真一; 西尾 勝久; 渡辺 裕*; Jeong, S. C.*; 大槻 勤*; 廣瀬 健太郎*

Ikezoe, Hiroshi; Mitsuoka, Shinichi; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Jeong, S. C.*; Otsuki, Tsutomu*; Hirose, Kentaro*

重い原子核間のクーロン障壁は衝突時に核の励起効果や核子の移行過程が結合して、幅を持って分布する。クーロン障壁分布を$$^{208}$$Pb標的に$$^{48}$$Ti, $$^{54}$$Cr, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{64}$$Ni, $$^{70}$$Zn, $$^{76}$$Ge, $$^{86}$$Krを衝突させる反応系で実験的に導出した。その結果、障壁の中心値は簡単なクーロンパラメータでよくスケールされること、分布の幅は$$^{208}$$Pbの8重極振動モードの結合と核子移行反応の結合で説明できること、さらに、導出した障壁は原子核同士の融合障壁とは異なること、がわかった。また、変形核に球形核が衝突する場合、変形核の長軸側での衝突は原子核同士の融合に向かわず、質量の非対象な準核分裂過程に向かうことを、ウラン標的に$$^{30}$$Si, $$^{36}$$S, $$^{40}$$Arを衝突させる反応実験で明らかにした。

The Coulomb barrier distribution between heavy nuclei is important quantity to investigate the effect of quantum couplings of nuclear vibration and nucleon transfer to nucleus-nucleus interaction. We obtained the barrier distributions of lead-based fusion reactions of $$^{48}$$Ti, $$^{54}$$Cr, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{64}$$Ni, $$^{70}$$Zn, $$^{76}$$Ge, and $$^{86}$$Kr projectiles on $$^{208}$$Pb by means of the measurements of the quasi-elastic cross sections at backward scattering angles. The obtained positions and widths of the barrier distributions are compared with a calculation taking account of the channel couplings. The effect of the nuclear deformation on reaction process was also investigated by means of the measurements of product mass distributions for the systems of $$^{30}$$Si, $$^{36}$$S, $$^{40}$$Ar projectiles on $$^{238}$$U. We found that the collision at polar side gives rise to quasi-fission, where an asymmetric fission is dominant.

Access

:

- Accesses

InCites™

:

パーセンタイル:83.74

分野:Physics, Nuclear

Altmetrics

:

[CLARIVATE ANALYTICS], [WEB OF SCIENCE], [HIGHLY CITED PAPER & CUP LOGO] and [HOT PAPER & FIRE LOGO] are trademarks of Clarivate Analytics, and/or its affiliated company or companies, and used herein by permission and/or license.