Dupont, E.*; Astier, A.*; Petrache, C. M.*; Lv, B. F.*; Deloncle, I.*; Kiener, J.*; Orlandi, R.; 牧井 宏之; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; et al.
Physical Review C, 101(1), p.014309_1 - 014309_6, 2020/01
Five new 2 levels and one new 3 level were established in Po. The states were populated via the Pb(C, Be) two-proton reaction experiment, performed at the JAEA Tandem in Tokai. A setup combining Ge, LaBr, and Si telescopes was used to detect in-beam -rays and ejectile residues. Two-proton configurations were assigned to all new states. All assignments are strongly supported by shell-model calculations.
田中 翔也; 有友 嘉浩*; 宮本 裕也*; 廣瀬 健太郎; 西尾 勝久
Physical Review C, 100(6), p.064605_1 - 064605_6, 2019/12
散逸揺動定理を採用した動力学模型を使用し、U, Np, Pu (=15-55MeV)という広い範囲の核種および励起エネルギーにおいて核分裂片質量分布の評価を行った。本研究の特色は、原子核が分裂へ至るまでに中性子を放出するという、マルチチャンス核分裂の概念を理論計算へ導入していることである。その結果、実験データを系統的に再現する計算結果を得られた。特に、励起エネルギーが高い領域においても核分裂片質量分布がふた山構造を維持する傾向や、原子核の初期状態(特に中性子数)に依存するという実験データの傾向を再現することに成功した。またこの傾向が、核分裂前の中性子放出確率を支配している複合核の中性子結合エネルギーと相関を持つことを示した。
牧井 宏之; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Orlandi, R.; Lguillon, R.; 小川 達彦; Soldner, T.*; Kster, U.*; Pollitt, A.*; Hambsch, F.-J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 100(4), p.044610_1 - 044610_7, 2019/10
The prompt fission -ray energy spectrum for cold-neutron induced fission of U was measured in the energy range = 0.8 - 20,MeV, by gaining a factor of about 10 in statistics compared to the measurements performed so far. The spectrum exhibits local bump structures at 4,MeV and 6,MeV, and also a broad one at 15,MeV. In order to understand the origins of these bumps, the -ray spectra were calculated using a statistical Hauser-Feshbach model, taking into account the de-excitation of all the possible primary fission fragments. It is shown that the bump at 4,MeV is created by the transitions between the discrete levels in the fragments around Sn, and the bump at 6,MeV mostly comes from the complementary light fragments. It is also indicated that a limited number of nuclides, which have high-spin states at low excitation energies, can contribute to the bump structure around 15,MeV, induced by the transition feeding into the low-lying high-spin states.
Xiao, Y.*; Go, S.*; Grzywacz, R.*; Orlandi, R.; Andreyev, A. N.; 浅井 雅人; Bentley, M. A.*; de Angelis, G.*; Gross, C. J.*; Hausladen, P.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 100(3), p.034315_1 - 034315_8, 2019/09
A search for super-allowed decay of N=Z nuclei Te and Xe was carried out using a novel recoil-decay scintillator detector at the tandem accelerator facility at Japan Atomic Energy Agency. Inorganic crystal scintillation material of YAP:Ce (Yttrium Aluminium Perovskite) coupled to position-sensitive photo-multiplier tube (PSPMT) was implemented for the first time in a radioactive decay experiment. Residues from the fusion-evaporation reaction Ni+Fe Xe were separated by the JAEA Recoil Mass Separator (RMS) and implanted into the YAP:Ce crystal. decays of neutron-deficient tellurium isotopes were identified and proton-emission of I was observed. No conclusive evidence was found for the decay chain XeTe Sn within 3 days experiment. The cross section limit of 130 pb was obtained for production of two events of Xe, about an order of magnitude below the expectation based on earlier cross section measurements and HIVAP calculations.
Kean, K. R.; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Vermeulen, M. J.; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; Andreyev, A. N.; Tsekhanovich, I.*; 千葉 敏*
Physical Review C, 100(1), p.014611_1 - 014611_6, 2019/07
The validity of the multinucleon transfer (MNT) approach for deduction of fission barrier heights was investigated in an experiment carried out at the JAEA tandem accelerator facility. By using the O+Np reaction, fission barrier heights were inferred from fission probabilities of the nuclei Np and Pu produced in the and transfer channels, respectively. The deduced values of fission barriers agree well with the literature data, thus demonstrating the potential of the MNT reactions for obtaining fission-barrier data for nuclei not accessible for fission studies via neutron- or light charged particle-induced reactions.
宮本 裕也*; 有友 嘉浩*; 田中 翔也; 廣瀬 健太郎; 西尾 勝久
Physical Review C, 99(5), p.051601_1 - 051601_7, 2019/05
The fission of even-even fermium nuclides Fm at low excitation energy was studied using Langevin equations of three-dimensional nuclear-shape parametrization. The mass distributions of fission fragments show a dramatic change from an asymmetric shape for the lighter fermium isotopes to sharp symmetric fission for the heavier isotopes. The time evolution of the nuclear shape on the potential surface reveals that the lighter fermium isotopes showing asymmetric fission are trapped in the second minimum for a substantial length of time before overcoming the second saddle point. This behavior changes dramatically for the compact symmetric fission found in the heavier neutron-rich fermium nuclei that disintegrate immediately after overcoming the first saddle point, without feeling the second barrier, resulting in a fission time two orders of magnitude shorter.
Tsekhanovich, I.*; Andreyev, A. N.; 西尾 勝久; Denis-Petit, D.*; 廣瀬 健太郎; 牧井 宏之; Matheson, Z.*; 森本 幸司*; 森田 浩介*; Nazarewicz, W.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 790, p.583 - 588, 2019/03
Fragment mass distributions from fission of the excited compound nucleus Pt have been deduced from the measured fragment velocities. The Pt nucleus was created at the JAEA tandem facility in a complete fusion reaction Ar+Nd, at beam energies of 155, 170 and 180 MeV. The data are indicative of a mixture of the mass-asymmetric and mass-symmetric fission modes associated with higher and lower total kinetic energies of the fragments, respectively. The measured fragment yields are dominated by asymmetric mass splits, with the symmetric mode contributing at the level of 1/3. This constitutes the first observation of a multimodal fission in the sub-lead region. Most probable experimental fragment-mass split of the asymmetric mode, / 79/99, is well reproduced by nuclear density functional theory using the UNEDF1-HFB and D1S potentials. The symmetric mode is associated by theory with very elongated fission fragments, which is consistent with the observed total kinetic energy/fragment mass correlation.
牧井 宏之; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Orlandi, R.; Lguillon, R.*; 小川 達彦; Soldner, T.*; Hambsch, F.-J.*; Ache, M.*; Astier, A.*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 906, p.88 - 96, 2018/10
廣瀬 健太郎; 西尾 勝久; 田中 翔也*; Lguillon, R.*; 牧井 宏之; 西中 一朗*; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; Smallcombe, J.*; Vermeulen, M. J.; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 119(22), p.222501_1 - 222501_6, 2017/12
JAEAタンデム加速器施設で行ったO+U反応における多核子移行チャンネルを用いた実験により、U, Np、およびPuの核分裂質量分布を励起エネルギー1060MeVにおいて測定した。これらのうち、U, Npのデータは本実験により初めて観測された。原子核の殻効果の減衰によって対称分裂すると予想されていた高励起エネルギーにおいても、質量分布が非対称を示すことがわかった。搖動散逸定理に基づく動力学モデル計算との比較から、この振る舞いはマルチチャンス核分裂によるものであることを明らかにした。
西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Vermeulen, M. J.; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; 浅井 雅人; 豊嶋 厚史; 佐藤 哲也; 永目 諭一郎; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 163, p.00041_1 - 00041_6, 2017/11
We are promoting a study of fission using multi-nucleon transfer (MNT) reactions, where excited states in neutron-rich actinide nuclei, which cannot be accessed by particle capture and/or fusion reactions, are populated. Also, the excited states in the fissioning nucleus are widely populated by the MNT reactions, from which effects of excitation energy on fission properties can be investigated. Experiments were carried out at the JAEA tandem facility in Tokai, Japan. We studied reactions using the O beam and several actinide target nuclei such as Th, U, Np, Cm. Ejectile nucleus was identified by a silicon E-E telescope to identify transfer channel and hence the compound nucleus. Fission fragments were detected by multi-wire proportional counters, and fission fragment mass distributions (FFMDs) were measured for each isotope. Measured FFMDs are reproduced by a calculation based on the fluctuation-dissipation model, and importance of multi-chance fission concept is investigated. Fission fragment angular distribution relative to the recoil direction suggested the increase of the spin of the fissioning nucleus with the number of transferred nucleons.
西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Lguillon, R.*; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; Smallcombe, J.*; 千葉 敏*; 有友 嘉浩*; 田中 翔也*; et al.
Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Fission and Properties of Neutron-rich Nuclei (ICFN-6), p.590 - 597, 2017/11
We are promoting a fission study using multi-nucleon transfer reactions, where excited states in neutron-rich actinide nuclei, which cannot be accessed by particle capture and/or fusion reactions, are populated. This allows us to study fission in the new region of chart of nuclei. Also, the excited states in the fissioning nucleus are widely populated in the reactions, thus the effects of excitation energy on fission can be investigated. Experiments were carried out at the JAEA tandem facility in Tokai, Japan. We studied reactions using the O beam (9MeV/u) and several actinide target nuclei such as Th, U, Np, Cm. Ejectile nuclei and thus the transfer channels were identified by a newly developed silicon E-E detectors. The produced nuclei in one experiment reached more than fifteen. Fission fragment mass distributions (FFMDs) were measured for each isotopes. Measured FFMDs are reproduced by a calculation based on the fluctuation-dissipation model (Langevin-type calculation), where effects of multi-chance fission were included. We also started to measure the prompt neutrons accompanied by fission.
Yan, S. Q.*; Li, Z. H.*; Wang, Y. B.*; 西尾 勝久; Lugaro, M.*; Karakas, A. I.*; 牧井 宏之; Mohr, P.*; Su, J.*; Li, Y. J.*; et al.
Astrophysical Journal, 848(2), p.98_1 - 98_8, 2017/10
The Zr()Zr reaction cross section is crucial in the modelling of -process nucleosynthesis in asymptotic giant branch stars because it controls the operation of the branching point at the unstable Zr and the subsequent production of Zr. We have carried out the measurement of the Zr(O,O) and Zr(O,O) reactions and obtained the -decay probability ratio of Zr and Zr to determine the Zr()Zr reaction cross sections with the surrogate ratio method. We tested our deduced maxwellian-averaged cross section in stellar models with masses between 2 and 6 and metallicities 0.014 and 0.03. The largest changes - up 80 % variations in Zr - are seen in the models of 3-4 , where the Ne neutron source is mildly activated. The new rate can still provide a match to data from meteoritic stardust silicon carbide grains, provided the maximum mass of the parent stars is below 4 , for a metallicity of 0.03.
牧井 宏之; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Orlandi, R.; Lguillon, R.; 小川 達彦; Soldner, T.*; Hambsch, F.-J.*; Astier, A.*; Pollitt, A.*; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.04036_1 - 04036_4, 2017/09
西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Lguillon, R.*; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; Smallcombe, J.*; 千葉 敏*; 有友 嘉浩*; 田中 翔也*; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.04009_1 - 04009_6, 2017/09
The objective of this work is to extend fission data for actinide nuclei not investigated so far in order to understand the fission mechanism, especially for neutron-rich nuclei. Multi-nucleon transfer reactions were used to populate the compound nuclei which cannot be accessed by particle capture or fusion reactions. The experiment was carried out at the tandem facility of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. In the multi-nucleon transfer reactions using O beam, a wide variety of nuclei around a target nucleus was produced. By identifying transfer channels, fission data of nuclei more than fifteen compound nuclei were generated in one experiment. Another feature of transfer reaction is that the excitation energies of a compound nucleus can be populated continuously from the ground state up to several tens MeV, allowing us to study the excitation energy dependence of fission properties. From the excitation function of fission probabilities, fission-barrier heights of neutron-rich actinide nuclei were obtained. Experiments were carried out in the reactions of O + U, Th, Cm, Np. The obtained fission fragment mass distributions were reproduced by a model calculation based on a fluctuation dissipation model.
廣瀬 健太郎; 西尾 勝久; 牧井 宏之; 西中 一朗*; 太田 周也*; 永山 達郎*; 田村 信行*; 後藤 真一*; Andreyev, A.; Vermeulen, M. J.; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 856, p.133 - 138, 2017/06
Fission and capture reactions were simultaneously measured in the neutron-induced reactions of Am at J-PARC. Data were taken with the TOF method in = 0.120 eV. The fission events were observed by detecting prompt fission neutrons using liquid organic scintillators. The capture reaction was measured by detecting rays from the compound nuclei using the same detectors, where the prompt fission neutrons and capture rays were separated by a pulse shape analysis. The cross sections were obtained by normalizing the relative yields at the first resonance to evaluations or other experimental data. The ratio of the fission to capture cross sections at each resonance is compared with those from an evaluated nuclear data library and other experimental data. Some differences were found between the present values and the library/literature values at several resonances.
Lguillon, R.; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; 牧井 宏之; 西中 一朗*; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; Smallcombe, J.*; 千葉 敏*; 有友 嘉浩*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 761, p.125 - 130, 2016/10
It is shown that the multinucleon transfer reactions is a powerful tool to study fission of exotic neutron-rich actinide nuclei, which cannot be accessed by particle-capture or heavy-ion fusion reactions. In this work, multinucleon transfer channels of the O + Th reaction are used to study fission of fourteen nuclei Th, Pa, and U. Identification of fissioning nuclei and of their excitation energy is performed on an event-by-event basis, through the measurement of outgoing ejectile particle in coincidence with fission fragments. Fission fragment mass distributions are measured for each transfer channel, in selected bins of excitation energy. In particular, the mass distributions of Th and Pa are measured for the first time. Predominantly asymmetric fission is observed at low excitation energies for all studied cases, with a gradual increase of the symmetric mode towards higher excitation energy. The experimental distributions are found to be in general agreement with predictions of the fluctuation-dissipation model.
Yan, S. Q.*; Li, Z. H.*; Wang, Y. B.*; 西尾 勝久; 牧井 宏之; Su, J.*; Li, Y. J.*; 西中 一朗; 廣瀬 健太郎; Han, Y. L.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 94(1), p.015804_1 - 015804_5, 2016/07
The relative -decay probability ratios of the neutron resonance states in Zr and Zr populated via two neutron transfer reactions, Zr(O,O)Zr and Zr(O,O)Zr, have been measured to test the validity of the surrogate ratio method (SRM) in determining the (n,) reaction cross section. The cross sections of the Zr(n,)Zr reaction are derived from the experimentally obtained ratios and the cross sections of the Zr(n,)Zr reaction in the equivalent neutron energy range of = 0 - 8 MeV. The deduced cross sections of Zr(n,)Zr reaction agree with the directly measured ones in the low-energy region, and with the evaluated ENDF/B-VII.1 data at higher energies of 3 MeV. The agreement supports the concept of the SRM method to indirectly determine the (n,) reaction cross sections.
千葉 敏*; 西尾 勝久; 有友 嘉浩*; 小浦 寛之; 岩本 修; 牧井 宏之; 西中 一朗*; 廣瀬 健太郎
EPJ Web of Conferences, 106, p.04004_1 - 04004_9, 2016/02
A comprehensive approach to determine nuclear data of unstable nuclei will be described. It consists of a measurement of fission and capture cross sections, mass distribution of fission fragments (independent fission yields) and number of prompt fission neutrons by the method of surrogate reactions. A multi-dimensional Langevin model is being developed to estimate the independent fission yields theoretically. Furthermore, the decay properties of the fission fragments, almost all are neutron-rich unstable nuclei, are investigated systematically by improving the gross theory of decay, which will yield information on the decay heat and delayed-neutron data.
西尾 勝久; Andreyev, A. N.*; Chapman, R.*; Derkx, X.*; Dllmann, C. E.*; Ghys, L.*; Heberger, F. P.*; 廣瀬 健太郎; 池添 博*; Khuyagbaatar, J.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 748, p.89 - 94, 2015/09
Mass distributions of fission fragments from the compound nuclei Hg and Hg formed in fusion reactions Ar+Sm and Ar+Sm, respectively, were measured at initial excitation energies of (Hg)=,3366 MeV and (Hg)=,4871 MeV. In the fission of Hg, the mass spectra were well reproduced by assuming only an asymmetric-mass division, with most probable light and heavy fragment masses /79101. The mass asymmetry for Hg agrees well with that obtained in the low-energy /EC-delayed fission of Tl, from our earlier ISOLDE(CERN) experiment. Fission of Hg is found to proceed in a similar way, delivering the mass asymmetry of /83107, throughout the measured excitation energy range. The persistence as a function of excitation energy of the mass-asymmetric fission for both proton-rich Hg isotopes gives strong evidence for the survival of microscopic effects up to effective excitation energies of compound nuclei as high as 40,MeV. This behavior is different from fission of actinide nuclei and heavier mercury isotope Hg.
吉田 健祐*; 藤岡 慎介*; 東口 武史*; 鵜篭 照之*; 田中 のぞみ*; 川崎 将人*; 鈴木 悠平*; 鈴木 千尋*; 富田 健太郎*; 廣瀬 僚一*; et al.
Applied Physics Letters, 106(12), p.121109_1 - 121109_5, 2015/03
We present a benchmark measurement of the electron density profile in the region where the electron density is 10 cm and where the bulk of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) emission occurs from isotropically expanding spherical high-Z gadolinium plasmas. It was found that, due to opacity effects, the observed EUV emission is mostly produced from an underdense region. We have analyzed time-resolved emission spectra with the aid of atomic structure calculations, and find that while the multiple ion charge states around 18+ during the laser pulse irradiation.