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Research on assurance system of nuclear fuel supply (Contract research)

核燃料供給保証システムについての調査(受託研究)

小林 直樹*; 直井 洋介; 若林 修二; 田崎 真樹子; 千崎 雅生

Kobayashi, Naoki*; Naoi, Yosuke; Wakabayashi, Shuji; Tazaki, Makiko; Senzaki, Masao

供給保証に関する国際的な議論に資するために、日本国政府の「IAEA核燃料供給登録システム提案」(INFCIRC/683)をベースとした供給保証システムについて検討した。本稿では、供給保証に必要な追加的なコストと所要期間の想定を行うなど、より現実的なシステムとして実現可能な供給保証メカニズム全体のシステム提案を試みた。供給保証システムにおける供給保証の定義や消費国,供給国,IAEAと原子力産業界の役割など関連する課題を整理し、幾つかの解決策,供給保証の対象事由の拡大,「供給保証に関する供給国の宣言」,IAEAでの「供給保証発動諮問委員会」の設置,「供給保証基金」の設置等を示した。

In order to facilitate international discussions on AOS, authors have conducted studies of AOS system based on Japanese Government's proposal "IAEA Standby Arrangement System (INFCIRC/683)". In this paper, we have been able to discuss feasibility of AOS system more specifically by including additional costs and period required for AOS, and to present a system which could work as a practical system. Issues we have tried to tackle here include definitions of AOS, and roles of consumer states, supplier states, IAEA and nuclear industries. We present some solutions including broadening coverage of AOS, declaration by supplier states on AOS, establishing advisory committee in the IAEA on the actual application of AOS, and setting up an IAEA fund for AOS.

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