The supersonic molecular beam injection (SMBI) was successfully operated in JT-60U. Frequent density jumps were clearly observed in the main plasma against the SMBI pulses with the background gas pressure () of 2-6 bar. Fuelling efficiency exhibited weak dependence on and the injection direction (high- and low-field-side injections). The amount of the fuelling necessary for achieving the same density level is much smaller for the SMBI than for the gas-puffing. It is comparable for the SMBI and the pellet injection even with shallower penetration of the SMBI as discussed below. The SMBI ionization area was estimated based on emission measured using the fast TV camera with a time resolution of 0.167 ms. The estimations indicated similar penetration position for = 6 and 2 bar, although the ionization area was larger for 6 bar. This result supports the weak dependence of the fuelling efficiency. The front of the ionization area moved between first and second frames of the fast TV camera and it reached just inside the separatrix in the second frame. The ionization area was significantly expanded from the expected SMB size and the expansion was also enhanced between two frames. These relatively slow changes between two frames suggest that interaction between SMB and plasma significantly influences the fuelling characteristics.
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