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ROSA-V/LSTF vessel top head LOCA tests SB-PV-07 and SB-PV-08 with break sizes of 1.0 and 0.1% and operator recovery actions for core cooling

ROSA-V/LSTFを用いた圧力容器頂部破断LOCA実験SB-PV-07及びSB-PV-08運転員の炉心冷却回復操作を伴う1.0及び0.1%破断LOCA実験

鈴木 光弘; 竹田 武司; 中村 秀夫

Suzuki, Mitsuhiro; Takeda, Takeshi; Nakamura, Hideo

加圧水型原子炉(PWR)頂部の小破断冷却材喪失事故を模擬し、高圧注入系(HPI)不作動時のアクシデントマネジメント策の効果を調べるため、ROSA-V計画の大型非定常試験装置を用いて一連の破断サイズパラメータ実験(SB-PV-07, SB-PV-08)を実施した。本報では、破断サイズ1.0$$sim$$0.1%(コールドレグ破断相当)における頂部破断LOCA事象の特徴的現象、すなわち破断口蒸気流出と頂部水位の関係,1次系保有水量と炉心露出の関係,炉心過熱を検出する炉心出口温度計(CET)の特性及び炉心と出口部の3次元蒸気流れ等を明らかにした。炉心ボイルオフ過程で623KへのCET温度上昇により開始した1.0%破断実験のHPI回復操作と、0.1%破断実験の蒸気発生器減圧操作とは、ともに炉心冷却を直ちに回復する効果を示した。

A series of break size parameter tests (SB-PV-07 and SB-PV-08) were conducted at the Large Scale Test Facility of ROSA-V Program to have an insight into effects of accident management action on core cooling during a simulated vessel top break loss-of-coolant accident with a total failure assumption on the high pressure injection (HPI) system at a pressurized water reactor (PWR). Typical phenomena of vessel top break with break sizes between 1.0 and 0.1% cold leg break equivalent were clarified including upper head water level transients related to steam discharge, coolant mass inventory related to core heat-up, performance of core exit thermocouple (CET)and three-dimensional steam flows in core and core exit. Both operator actions of HPI recovery in the 1.0% top break and steam generator depressurization in the 0.1% top break resulted in immediate recovery of core cooling when these were initiated by CET heat-up at 623 K.

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