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水中に噴出する高圧ガスの不足膨張噴流に関する研究

Study on the underexpanded gas jet into water

染矢 聡*; 内田 光則*; 内堀 昭寛; 大島 宏之; Li, Y.*; 岡本 孝司*

Someya, Satoshi*; Uchida, Mitsunori*; Uchibori, Akihiro; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Li, Y.*; Okamoto, Koji*

ナトリウム冷却高速炉蒸気発生器の伝熱管破損時安全評価を目的として、ナトリウム-水化学反応を伴う噴流の挙動や、その影響で発生する周辺伝熱管ウェステージ現象を評価するための数値解析手法を開発している。解析手法の開発において、液体中への高圧気体噴出挙動を解明するとともに検証用データを取得することが重要な課題となっていることから、本研究では、水中窒素ガス不足膨張噴流の可視化実験を実施した。窒素ガスの圧力条件を実験パラメータとして、噴流形状,到達距離,拡がり角度,周囲液体の連行挙動,噴流中の液滴速度等、解析手法の検証に有用なデータを取得した。

When the pressurized water or water vapor leaks from a failed heat transfer tube in a steam generator of sodium cooled fast reactors, the high-velocity and high-temperature jet with sodium-water chemical reaction may cause wastage of the adjacent tubes. The evaluation of the wastage rate requires numerical analysis of the reaction jet. To construct a numerical method for the reaction jet, experiment on the underexpanded gas jet into the liquid pool need to be done. In this study visualization and measurement for the underexpanded nitrogen gas jet injected into the water was carried out. The horizontal penetration length of the gas jet and the expansion angle were obtained from the averaged images of a high-speed camera. The experimental results showed that the penetration length and the expansion angle increased approximately linearly with increasing stagnation pressure. The entrainment velocity and the velocity of the entrained water droplets were obtained by PIV.

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