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Thermodynamic and spectroscopic studies on Am(III) and Eu(III) in the extraction system of ${it N,N,N',N'}$-tetraoctyl-3-oxapentane-1,5-diamide in $$n$$-dodecane/nitric acid

Arisaka, Makoto ; Kimura, Takaumi 

Thermodynamic parameters (${it $Delta$G}$, ${it $Delta$H}$ and ${it $Delta$S}$) for the extraction of trivalent f-elements, M(III) (M = Am, Eu), with ${it N,N,N',N'}$-tetraoctyl-3-oxapentane-1,5-diamide (TODGA) were determined in nitric acid/$$n$$-dodecane extraction system. The extraction of M(III) with TODGA was more exothermic than those with octyl(phenyl)-${it N}$,${it N}$-diisobutylcarbamoylmethyl phosphine oxide (CMPO) and dihexyl-${it N}$,${it N}$-diethylcarbamoylmethyl phosphonate (DHDECMP). The difference in ${it $Delta$H}$ between the extractants was attributed to the difference in the binding mode between them, i.e. tridentate (TODGA) and bidentate (CMPO and DHDECMP). In addition, from the results of luminescence lifetime measurement, it was found that the inner-sphere of extracted Eu(III) was dehydrated completely, and occupied by TODGA and/or NO$$_{3}$$$$^{-}$$.

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Category:Chemistry, Multidisciplinary

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