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Report No.

Nitration activates tyrosine toward reaction with the hydrated electron

Shi, W.-Q.*; Fu, H.-Y.*; Bounds, P. L.*; Muroya, Yusa*; Lin, M.; Katsumura, Yosuke*; Zhao, Y.-L.*; Chai, Z.-F.*

3-Nitrotyrosine (3-NT) has been reported as an important biomarker of oxidative stress and potential source of reactive oxygen species (ROSs). In this work, the UV-visible absorption spectra of the transients formed by hydrated electron (e$$_{rm aq}$$$$^{-}$$) reacting with 3-NT and its derivatives were investigated, the spectra showed many characteristics of aromatic nitro anion radical. The reaction rate constants of e$$_{rm aq}$$$$^{-}$$ reacting with 3-NT, N-acetyl-3-nitrotyrosine ethyl ester (NANTE) and nitrotyrosine-containing peptide Gly-nitroTyr-Gly at neutral pH were determined, respectively, which were almost two orders of magnitude higher than that of tyrosine and tyrosine-containing peptides. The pH-dependence of e$$_{rm aq}$$$$^{-}$$ decay rate constants in presence of 3-NT was also studied.



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