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Numerical simulations for the coupled thermal-mechanical processes in $"A$sp$"o$ Pillar Stability Experiment; Continuum and discontinuum based approaches

連続体及び不連続体解析手法を用いた$"A$sp$"o$ Pillar Stability Experimentにおける熱-応力連成挙動の数値解析

小山 倫史*; 清水 浩之*; 千々松 正和*; 小林 晃*; 中間 茂雄; 藤田 朝雄

Koyama, Tomofumi*; Shimizu, Hiroyuki*; Chijimatsu, Masakazu*; Kobayashi, Akira*; Nakama, Shigeo; Fujita, Tomo

本研究では、スウェーデンのエスポ地下研究所で結晶質岩を対象として実施された原位置試験(Pillar stability test)を対象とし、2次元粒状体個別要素法(2D-DEM)による熱-応力連成解析を適用し、原位置における計測結果との比較を行った。解析においては、新たに熱の移動及び熱-力学連成項を定式化し解析コードに導入した。また、原位置試験の解析結果は3次元有限要素法(3D-FEM)によるものと比較を行い、新たに開発した解析コードの妥当性を検討した。試験中の主応力・温度などの変化は原位置試験における観測結果及び3D-FEMによる解析結果と定性的に良好な一致がみられた。また、掘削・加熱工程において試験孔壁面付近に微小亀裂が発生しており、このことから原位置試験で観察された試験孔壁面での岩盤の破砕,V字型に破壊し欠落する現象について考察することができると考えられる。

In this paper, the coupled thermal-mechanical processes in the pillar stability experiments carried out at the $"A$sp$"o$ Hard Rock Laboratory by the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB) were simulated using both Finite Element Method (FEM) and Distinct Element Method (DEM) with particles. The main purpose for in-situ experiment is to investigate the yielding strength of crystalline rock and the formation and growth of the excavation disturbed/damaged zone (EDZ) during excavation and heating processes. For the 3-D numerical simulations using FEM (called THAMES), the measured in-situ stress and its time evolutions (stress re-distribution) due to the tunnel and two borehole excavations, pressurize in one of the borehole as well as heating process were considered. On the other hand, in 2-D DEM simulations, one of the borehole cross sections (in 2-D) was selected and modeled as an assemblage of many particles bonded each other to investigate the failure mechanism during excavation and heating processes in detail including crack propagation at the borehole surface (spalling phenomena). The microscopic parameters used in the DEM simulations were determined by the calibration using the laboratory uniaxial/triaxial compression testing results. The calculation results such as stress distribution, displacements as well as temperature distribution were compared with the in-situ observation and measurements. The simulation results from 3-D FEM shows good agreement with the data obtained from the measurements. The simulated crack propagation during the excavation, pressurizing and heating processes by DEM with particles agrees qualitatively well with the observation. The findings obtained from two different types of numerical simulations can be used for the performance and safety assessment of nuclear waste disposal.

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