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Preparation of anion-exchange membranes for fuel cell applications by $$gamma$$-ray pre-irradiation grafting; Effect of the structure of quaternary ammonium ions

Koshikawa, Hiroshi; Yamaki, Tetsuya; Asano, Masaharu; Yoshimura, Kimio; Maekawa, Yasunari; Yamamoto, Kazuya*; Shishitani, Hideyuki*; Asazawa, Koichiro*; Yamaguchi, Susumu*; Tanaka, Hirohisa*

We investigated the effect of the length of the linear chain on the structure of quaternary ammonium ions on the membrane properties such as durability of ion conductivity. Graft polymerization was performed by immersing the pre-irradiated ETFE film in the CMS solution. The ETFE-g-CMS film was then quaternized in four different tertiary amines, that is, trimethylamine (n = 1), dimethylethylamine (n = 2), n-butyldimethylamine (n = 4) and n-hexyldimethylamine (n = 6) solutions. The n dependence of the OH$$^{-}$$ conductivity and chemical durability, which was represented by a residual percentage of the conductivity after treatment with a Fenton solution. When n increased from 1 to 6, the OH$$^{-}$$ conductivity decreased slightly, but it still stayed 20 mS/cm for n = 6. The chemical durability seemed to increase eight-fold at the same time. The chemical attack by hydroxyl radicals on the quaternary ammonium ions would be controlled by hydrophobicity and steric hindrance of the alkyl group.



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