Predicting cetuximab accumulation in wild-type and mutant colorectal cancer using Cu-labeled cetuximab positron emission tomography
Achmad, A.*; Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Yoshioka, Hiroki*; Yamamoto, Shinji*; Tominaga, Hideyuki*; Araki, Takuya*; Ohshima, Yasuhiro; Oriuchi, Noboru*; Endo, Keigo*
Overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is common in colorectal cancer. However, cetuximab, an EGFR-targeting drug, is useful only for a subset of patients and no single predictor other than V-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog () mutation status has been established. In this study, we investigated cetuximab accumulation in colorectal tumors using In-DOTA-cetuximab, and evaluated the potential of positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of Cu-DOTA-cetuximab. We found that wild-type tumors had significantly higher In-DOTA-cetuximab accumulation than mutant tumors. Based on mutation status, a strong correlation was found between In-DOTA-cetuximab tumor uptake and EGFR expression level. Significant correlation was also found between tumor uptake of In-DOTA-cetuximab and Cu-DOTA-cetuximab. PET imaging with Cu-DOTA-cetuximab effectively visualized cetuximab accumulation in colorectal tumors with a wide variety of EGFR expression levels and different mutation status as commonly encountered in the clinical setting. Our findings suggest that this radioimmunoimaging can be clinically translated as an in vivo tool to predict cetuximab accumulation in colorectal cancer patients prior to cetuximab therapy.