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Collection of lanthanides and actinides from natural waters with conventional and nanoporous sorbents

典型的な吸着材と多孔質吸着材による天然水中のランタノイド及びアクチノイドの捕集

Johnson, B. E.*; Santschi, P. H.*; Chuang, C.-Y.*; 乙坂 重嘉; Addleman, R. S.*; Douglas, M.*; Rutledge, R. D.*; Chouyyok, W.*; Davidson, J. D.*; Fryxell, G. E.*; Schwantes, J. M.*

Johnson, B. E.*; Santschi, P. H.*; Chuang, C.-Y.*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Addleman, R. S.*; Douglas, M.*; Rutledge, R. D.*; Chouyyok, W.*; Davidson, J. D.*; Fryxell, G. E.*; Schwantes, J. M.*

新しい多孔質吸着材とこれまでに用いられてきた吸着材について、代表的なランタノイド及びアクチノイドの回収効率を比較検討した。ナノ構造の材料を用いた吸着材は、典型的な吸着材に比べて吸着効率,安定性ともに高い性能を発揮した。3,4-ヒドロキシピリジノンを施した多孔質シリカは、海水,河川水のいずれでも安定して特に優れた性能を示した。これらの新たな吸着材は、天然資源採取、環境修復、化学物質の分離、現場分析等の多くの分野での応用が期待できる。

Effective collection of trace-level lanthanides and actinides is advantageous for recovery and recycling of valuable resources, environmental remediation, chemical separations, and in situ monitoring. Using isotopic tracers, we have evaluated a number of conventional and nanoporous sorbent materials for their ability to capture and remove selected lanthanides (Ce and Eu) and actinides (Th, Pa, U, and Np) from fresh and salt water systems. In general, the nanostructured materials demonstrated a higher level of performance and consistency. Nanoporous silica surface modified with 3,4-hydroxypyridinone provided excellent collection and consistency in both river water and seawater.

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パーセンタイル:9.53

分野:Engineering, Environmental

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