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Report No.
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A Personal view on Japanese fuel cycle related to ADS in the post Fukushima era

Oigawa, Hiroyuki 

Accelerator-driven System (ADS) has been considered as a powerful tool to transmute minor actinides that dominate long-lived radiological toxicity in high-level waste. By the accident of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants, people reaffirmed the necessity to deal with the spent fuels safely. Although Japan selects the way to withdraw from the nuclear power, we should note that considerable amount of spent fuels, approximately 17,000 t, have been accumulated in Japan, The ultimate way to minimize environmental burden of spent fuels is the transmutation of all the transuranic (TRU) elements into to stable or short-lived fission products. ADS can be a candidate to transmute TRU elements, but the feasibility to burn large amount of plutonium should be verified.

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