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Efficiency calibration of Ge detector for $$^{131}$$I and $$^{134}$$Cs in soil samples and a simplified calculation of cascade summing corrections for volume source

土壌試料中の$$^{131}$$I及び$$^{134}$$Cs定量のためのGe検出器検出効率校正と体積線源に対するカスケードサムの簡易補正計算

浅井 雅人; 金谷 佑亮*; 佐藤 哲也; 塚田 和明; 大江 一弘; 佐藤 望; 豊嶋 厚史

Asai, Masato; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Sato, Tetsuya; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Oe, Kazuhiro; Sato, Nozomi; Toyoshima, Atsushi

福島第一原子力発電所の事故で汚染された土壌中の放射能を測定するため、体積線源中の$$^{131}$$I, $$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{137}$$Csに対するGe検出器検出効率校正について検討した。$$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{137}$$Cs, $$^{175}$$Hf, $$^{88}$$Zrを含む溶液を土壌と混合して土壌標準線源を作製し、$$^{131}$$I, $$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{137}$$Csの各$$gamma$$線に対する検出効率を精密に決定した。溶液中の放射能濃度は、同じ溶液で点線源を作製し、決定した。得られた検出効率を用いて、土壌試料中の$$^{134}$$Csの各$$gamma$$線に対するカスケードサムの補正量を実験的に評価した。体積線源に対するカスケードサムの補正量を簡単に計算するため、平均の検出効率を用いた簡易計算法について検討し、計算結果と実験値との比較からその有効性を検証した。

To measure radioactivities in soil contaminated by the accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, efficiency calibration of Ge detectors for $$^{131}$$I, $$^{134}$$Cs, and $$^{137}$$Cs in volume sources was investigated. $$gamma$$-ray detection efficiencies for these nuclei were determined precisely using standard soil samples containing $$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{137}$$Cs, $$^{175}$$Hf, and $$^{88}$$Zr. These standard sources were prepared by admixing radioactive solutions with soil, and point sources were made from the same solutions to determine their radioactivity concentrations. Cascade summing corrections for $$gamma$$ rays of $$^{134}$$Cs in soil samples were evaluated experimentally. To easily calculate the cascade summing corrections for volume sources, we examined a simplified method using averaged efficiencies, and evaluated its validity through a comparison of the calculated correction factors with the experimental ones.

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