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Dipole strength distributions in $$^{56}$$Fe

Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Ogaki, Hideaki; Toyokawa, Hiroyuki*; Komatsubara, Tetsuro*; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Inakura, Tsunenori*; Homma, Michio*; Nakada, Hitoshi*

Electro-magnetic dipole transitions in $$^{56}$$Fe were measured in photon scattering experiments with a linearly polarized photon beam. The parity quantum numbers of the excited dipole states were determined by the intensity asymmetry of resonantly scattered $$gamma$$-rays with respect to the polarization plane of the incident photon beam. While the summed magnetic dipole ($$M1$$) strength was determined as $$Sigma B(M1)!uparrow=3.52(17)$$ $$mu_N^2$$ at excitation energies between 7 and 10 MeV, the summed electric dipole ($$E1$$) strength below 10 MeV was obtained as $$Sigma B(E1)!uparrow=78.0(15)times10^{-3},e^2{rm fm}^2$$. The observed $$M1$$ strength was compared with shell-model predictions in the $$pf$$-shell using the GXPF1J and KB3G effective interactions. In addition, the $$E1$$ strength was compared with random-phase approximation calculations with the Skyrme interaction.

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Category:Physics, Nuclear

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