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Synthesis and formation process of Al$$_{2}$$CuH$$_{x}$$; A New class of interstitial aluminum-based alloy hydride

Saito, Hiroyuki; Takagi, Shigeyuki*; Endo, Naruki; Machida, Akihiko; Aoki, Katsutoshi; Orimo, Shinichi*; Katayama, Yoshinori

Aluminum-based alloy hydride Al$$_{2}$$CuH$$_{x}$$ (x$$sim$$1) is synthesized by hydrogenating Al$$_{2}$$Cu alloy using high-temperature and high-pressure hydrogen atmosphere. Al$$_{8}$$Cu square antiprisms in Al$$_{2}$$Cu twist around the c axis of a tetragonal unit cell by hydrogenation. The twist enlarges the interstitial spaces for accommodating hydrogen atoms which align linearly parallel to the c axis in Al$$_{2}$$CuH$$_{x}$$. Thermodynamic stability of Al$$_{2}$$CuH$$_{x}$$ results from the balance of stabilization by H 1s and Al 3sp hybridization and destabilization owing to the Fermi-level lifting upon hydrogenation. The crystal and electronic structures of Al$$_{2}$$CuH$$_{x}$$ illustrate the formation of an interstitial hydride of aluminum-based alloy.



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Category:Nanoscience & Nanotechnology



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