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Report No.
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Temperature control system for laser heating; Application for minute asteroidal materials

Osawa, Takahito ; Kobayashi, Mikihiko*; Konno, Takeshi*; Egashira, Mitsuru*; Okazaki, Ryuji*; Miura, Yayoi*; Nagao, Keisuke*

A temperature control system for a laser heating has been developed to extract noble gases from minute material samples recovered from the asteroid Itokawa by the Hayabusa spacecraft. An ultra-fine thermocouple was produced from 3% Re-W and 26% Re-W wires 25 $$mu$$m in diameter, and its electromotive force was calibrated. A temperature control program was originally produced using LabVIEW 2011 in which proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control was not adopted as an algorithm of the program. The program controlled the temperature of the tiny samples appropriately. The average temperature during heating was slightly lower than the setting temperature and the standard deviation and the maximum overshoot were lower than 2.5% and 6.0% of the setting temperature, respectively. The performance of the temperature control system is high enough to conduct the stepwise heating experiment for minute extraterrestrial material samples.

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Category:Engineering, Multidisciplinary

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