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Time dependence of the $$^{137}$$Cs concentration in particles discharged from rice paddies to freshwater bodies after the Fukushima Daiichi NPP accident

水田から流出する懸濁態放射性セシウム濃度の福島第一原子力発電所事故以降の経時変化

吉村 和也; 恩田 裕一*; 若原 妙子*

Yoshimura, Kazuya; Onda, Yuichi*; Wakahara, Taeko*

Particulate radiocesium concentration in paddy fields was studied for its parameterization and temporal changes over an extensive area covering various deposition levels of radiocesium after the FDNPP accident. The particulate radiocesium concentration in the paddy field correlated with the deposition amounts, indicating that the entrainment coefficient, defined as the ratio of concentration and deposition amounts, is useful for estimating the particulate radiocesium concentration in a paddy field. Variability of the entrainment coefficient was reduced by correcting the particle size dependency of particulate radiocesium concentration. The entrainment coefficient decreased with time according to a double exponential function. The decrease rate constant of the entrainment coefficient was higher than those of other land uses, thus demonstrating a rapid decrease in the particulate radiocesium concentration in the tested paddy field.

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パーセンタイル:42.78

分野:Engineering, Environmental

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