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Hydrophobic platinum honeycomb catalyst to be used for tritium oxidation reactors

トリチウム触媒酸化塔に向けた疎水性ハニカム触媒の創製

岩井 保則; 久保 仁志*; 大嶋 優輔*; 野口 宏史*; 枝尾 祐希; 谷内 淳一*

Iwai, Yasunori; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Yusuke*; Noguchi, Hiroshi*; Edao, Yuki; Taniuchi, Junichi*

トリチウム酸化反応器に適用可能な疎水性白金ハニカム触媒を開発した。ハニカム形状の触媒は圧力損失を減少させることができる。試作した疎水性触媒はメタルハニカム担体と炭化ケイ素ハニカム担体の二種類である。白金微粒子を数ナノメートルに微細化することで微量トリチウムの触媒酸化活性を大幅に向上させることができた。水素濃度は総括反応速度にほとんど影響を与えない。白金表面上への水蒸気と水素の競合吸着の影響から反応速度定数は底値を持つ。底値を示す水素濃度は、乾燥ガス下では100ppmであった。これらのハニカム触媒の活性はペレット状の疎水性触媒と同等であり、疎水性ハニカム触媒のトリチウム酸化反応器への適用可能性を示すことができた。

We have newly developed the hydrophobic platinum honeycomb catalysts applicable to tritium oxidation reactor since the honeycomb-shape catalyst can decrease the pressure drop. Two types of hydrophobic honeycomb catalyst have been test-manufactured. One is the hydrophobic platinum catalyst on a metal honeycomb. The other is the hydrophobic platinum catalyst on a ceramic honeycomb made of silicon carbide. The fine platinum particles around a few nanometers significantly improve the catalytic activity for the oxidation tritium at a tracer concentration. The hydrogen concentration in the gaseous feed slightly affects the overall reaction rate constant for hydrogen oxidation. Due to the competitive adsorption of hydrogen and water molecules on platinum surface, the overall reaction rate constant has the bottom value. The hydrogen concentration for the bottom value is 100 ppm under the dry feed gas. We have experimentally confirmed the activity of these honeycomb catalysts is as good as that of pellet-shape hydrophobic catalyst. The results support the hydrophobic honeycomb catalysts are applicable to tritium oxidation reactor.

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分野:Nuclear Science & Technology

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