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Report No.
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Spark plasma sintering of MoO$$_{3}$$ for production of $$^{99m}$$Tc by neutron irradiation

Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Sato, Soma*; Nanko, Makoto*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko ; Nishikata, Kaori ; Suzuki, Tsuneo*; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Niihara, Koichi*

Spark plasma sintering of MoO$$_{3}$$ was carried out for production of $$^{99m}$$Tc from $$^{98}$$Mo by the (n,$$gamma$$) method in a nuclear reactor. Powder of MoO$$_{3}$$ with an average grain size of 0.8$$mu$$m and a purity of 99.99% was pressed in a graphite die with a diameter of 20 mm. Then, the green compact was heated in a spark plasma sintering apparatus with heating rates of 100 $$sim$$ 200$$^{circ}$$C/min to 500 $$sim$$ 600$$^{circ}$$C in vacuum. After holding the temperature for 5 min, the sample was quenched. The sintered samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction for phase identifications, electron energy loss spectroscopy for compositional analyses and scanning electron microscopy for grain size measurements. After sintering at 550$$^{circ}$$C, a sintered bulk of MoO$$_{3}$$ with a relative density of 98% was obtained. These properties are good enough for separation of $$^{99m}$$Tc and recycle of Mo.

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