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Report No.

Analysis of dose-response in bystander effects between human lung normal and cancer cells

Ikeda, Hiroko; Yokota, Yuichiro; Funayama, Tomoo; Kanai, Tatsuaki*; Nakano, Takashi*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

Human lung normal fibroblasts WI-38 and human lung cancer cells H1299/wt${it p53}$ were used. Cells were irradiated with carbon-ion broad beams (LET=108 keV/ $$mu$$m), then survival rates of bystander cells after co-culture with irradiated cells were measured using colony formation assay. The survival rates of non-irradiated H1299/wt${it p53}$ cells co-cultured with 0.13 Gy irradiated WI-38 increased after 6 and 24 h of co-culture. On the other hand, the bystander cells co-cultured with 0.5 Gy irradiated WI-38 showed decreased survival rates. The survival rates of bystander H1299/wt${it p53}$ cells showed a tendency to increase by the addition of Carboxy-PTIO to the co-culture medium, when co-cultured with 0.5 Gy irradiated WI-38. From these results, reduction of survival rates is likely to be caused by NO radical as a mediator in bystander effects between lung normal and cancer cells. However, it is suggested that there might be other signals participated in an increase of survival rates.



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