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Recent progress in the chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at J-PARC

J-PARCにおけるチョッパー分光器「四季」の最近の進展

梶本 亮一 ; 中村 充孝; 稲村 泰弘; 蒲沢 和也*; 池内 和彦*; 飯田 一樹*; 石角 元志*; 中島 健次 ; 河村 聖子; 中谷 健 ; 神原 理; 田中 浩道; 山内 康弘; 青山 和弘; 細谷 倫紀; 桐山 幸治*; 相澤 一也; 新井 正敏

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Iida, Kazuki*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakatani, Takeshi; Kambara, Wataru; Tanaka, Hiromichi; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro; Aoyama, Kazuhiro; Hosoya, Tomonori; Kiriyama, Koji*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Arai, Masatoshi

4SEASONS ($textit{SIKI}$) is one of the three chopper spectrometers operating in MLF at J-PARC, and covers thermal neutron region ($$10^0$$ - $$10^2$$ meV) with relaxed resolution and high flux. The repetition rate multiplication by the Fermi chopper on this short length (18 m between the source and the sample) spectrometer enables wide-band multiple-incident-energy (multi-$$E_mathrm{i}$$) measurements, which proved to be useful in observing hierarchical structures in excitations over a large energy scale. On the other hand, the upgrading work of the spectrometer has been continued since the first inelastic scattering experiment in 2009. For examples, we took several measures to suppress background, installed new detectors recently, and are developing a new Fermi chopper now. In the presentation, we show examples of scientific outputs from the spectrometer which benefit from the multi-$$E_mathrm{i}$$ measurements, and recent or planned upgrades of the instrument.

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