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Investigation of the influence of coadsorbent dye upon the interfacial structure of dye-sensitized solar cells

色素増感太陽電池における共吸着色素の界面構造

本田 充紀; 柳田 真利*; Han, L.*; 宮野 健次郎*

Honda, Mitsunori; Yanagida, Masatoshi*; Han, L.*; Miyano, Kenjiro*

The interface between Ru(tcterpy)(NCS)$$_{3}$$TBA$$_{2}$$ [black dye (BD); tcterpy = 4,4',4''-tricarboxy-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine, TBA = tetrabutylammonium cation] and nanocrystalline TiO$$_{2}$$, as found in dye-sensitized solar cells, is investigated by soft-X-ray synchrotron radiation and compared with the adsorption structure of $$cis$$-Ru(Hdcbpy)$$_{2}$$(NCS)$$_{2}$$TBA$$_{2}$$ (N719; dcbpy = 4,4'-dicarboxy-2,2'-bipyridine) on TiO$$_{2}$$ to elucidate the relationship between the adsorption mode of BD and the photocurrent with and without coadsorbed indoline dye D131. The depth profile is characterized with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and S $$K$$-edge X-ray absorption fine structure using synchrotron radiation. Both datasets indicate that one of the isothiocyanate groups of BD interacts with TiO$$_{2}$$ via its S atom when the dye is adsorbed from a single-component solution. In contrast, the interaction is slightly suppressed when D131 is coadsorbed, indicated by the fact that the presence of D131 changes the adsorption mode of BD. Based upon these results, the number of BD dye molecules interacting with the substrate is shown to decrease by 10% when D131 is coadsorbed, and the dissociation is shown to be related to the short-circuit photocurrent in the 600-800 nm region. The design of a procedure to promote the preferential adsorption of D131 therefore leads to an improvement of the short-circuit current and conversion efficiency.

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パーセンタイル:80.16

分野:Chemistry, Physical

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