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Evaluation of fracture toughness of fine-grained isotropic graphites for HTGR

高温ガス炉のための微粒等方性黒鉛の破壊靭性評価

山田 輝明*; 松島 友貴*; 黒田 雅利*; 角田 淳弥; 柴田 大受; 藤田 一郎*; 沢 和弘

Yamada, Teruaki*; Matsushima, Yuki*; Kuroda, Masatoshi*; Sumita, Junya; Shibata, Taiju; Fujita, Ichiro*; Sawa, Kazuhiro

微粒等方性黒鉛IG-110とIG-430の破壊靱性の実験評価手法及びノッチ角度の依存性効果を調べるため、高温ガス炉用黒鉛の破壊靱性評価手法として近年提案されている三点曲げ試験を、ノッチ角度の異なる試験片を用いて行い、以下のことが分かった。(1)IG-110とIG-430の破壊靱性値はそれぞれ、0.890MPa・m$$^{1/2}$$、1.031MPa・mm$$^{1/2}$$であった。IG-110の破壊靱性値は、他の手法により得られた値と同じかやや低かった。(2)微粒黒鉛の破壊靱性値は、ノッチ角度に依存しない。(3)実験データを用いて、Griffith TheoryによるIG-110とIG-430の引張強度の比を見積もったところ、製造メーカから提供された引張強度比とよく一致した。

In order to investigate the effects of the experimental methodology and the notch angle on the fracture toughness of the fine-grained isotropic nuclear graphites IG-110 and IG-430, the three-point-bending test, which has been recently proposed as the methodology to evaluate the fracture toughness of graphite for high temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs), was performed using two types of the specimens with different notch angles. The results obtained in this study could be summarized as follows: (1) The values of the fracture toughness of IG-110 and IG-430 measured in this study were 0.890 MPa m$$^{1/2}$$ and 1.031 MPa m$$^{1/2}$$, respectively. It was also found that the value of the fracture toughness of IG-110 was nearly equal to or smaller than the values obtained by the other method reported previously. (2) The values of the fracture toughness of the fine-grained isotropic graphites were not affected between the notch angles introduced by the incisive razor blade. (3) The ratio of the tensile strengths of IG-110 and IG-430 was estimated from Griffith Theory using the experimental data obtained in this study. The estimated strength ratio was in good agreement with the strength ratio obtained from the supplier's data.

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パーセンタイル:73.24

分野:Nuclear Science & Technology

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