Monitoring of positron using high-energy gamma camera for proton therapy
Yamamoto, Seiichi*; Toshito, Toshiyuki*; Komori, Masataka*; Morishita, Yuki* ; Okumura, Satoshi*; Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka; Saito, Yuichi; Kawachi, Naoki; Fujimaki, Shu
In proton therapy, imaging of proton-induced positrons is a useful method to monitor the proton beam distribution after therapy. We developed a small field-of-view gamma camera for high-energy gamma photons and used it for monitoring the proton-induced positron distribution. The gamma camera used 0.85 mm 0.85 mm 10 mm GAGG pixels arranged in 20 20 matrix to form a scintillator block, which was optically coupled to a 1-inch-square position-sensitive photomultiplier tube. The GAGG detector was encased in a 20-mm-thick container and a pinhole collimator was mounted on its front. The gamma camera had spatial resolution of approximately 6.7 cm and sensitivity of 3.2 10 at 1.2 m from the collimator surface. The gamma camera was set 1 m from the 35 cm 35 cm 5 cm plastic phantom in the proton therapy treatment room, and proton beams were irradiated to the phantom with two proton energies. For both proton energies, positron distribution in the phantom could be imaged by the gamma camera with 10-min acquisition. The lengths of the range of protons measured from the images were almost identical to the calculation. These results indicate that the developed high-energy gamma camera is useful for imaging positron distributions in proton therapy.