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Report No.
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Influence of contaminants from spent fuel pools at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station on the reprocessing process

Aihara, Haruka; Kitawaki, Shinichi; Nomura, Kazunori; Taguchi, Katsuya

The water in the spent fuel pools at TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station contains sea water and rubbles. When the spent fuels stored in the pools will be reprocessed, it has possibility that these contaminants enter the reprocessing process with the spent fuels. Therefore it is meaningful to estimate the influence of contaminants on reprocessing process in advance. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the behavior and influence of contaminants on the extraction process of spent fuel reprocessing by using simulated contaminants. Contaminants were dissolved into the heated nitric acid and solvent extraction using TBP was performed to obtain distribution ratios. The estimated amount of contaminants accompanied with the spent fuel is low values and solvent extraction tests showed that the distribution ratios of every major element were very low in any case. Also to evaluate the influence of sulfate and chloride ions on uranium and plutonium extraction, Ce(IV) was used for simulated Pu to predict extraction behavior. And then U and Pu test was conducted in order to confirm the simulated test result. Obtained distribution ratio suggests that contaminants will not affect the extraction process.

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