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Geochemical and grain-size distribution of radioactive and stable cesium in Fukushima soils; Implications for their long-term behavior

Saito, Takumi; Makino, Hisashi*; Tanaka, Satoru*

Radioactive cesium was predominantly found in the extract obtained by strong-acid dissolution and the extraction residue and was more concentrated in silt and clay grains. X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that micaceous minerals as well as kaolin minerals were predominantly dissolved by the strong-acid treatment. Correlation between the fraction of $$^{137}$$Cs and the content of micaceous minerals in different grain-size fractions of soil minerals suggests that micaceous minerals are responsible for the fixation of $$^{137}$$Cs in the soils. The isotopic ratio of $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{133}$$Cs in the extract by strong-acid dissolution was more than three times smaller than those in the extracts by water, ion exchange, and reductive dissolution. This indicates that the distribution of $$^{137}$$Cs was not in the steady state in 2 y after the accident due to relatively slow fixation by the soil clay minerals.

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