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Report No.
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Determination of Zr isotopes in spent nuclear fuel with ICP-MS

Asai, Shiho; Hanzawa, Yukiko  ; Konda, Miki; Suzuki, Daisuke   ; Magara, Masaaki  ; Kimura, Takaumi 

Various Zr isotopes generated by U fission are found in spent fuel and HLW. Among them, $$^{93}$$Zr which has a long half-life of 1.5$$times$$10$$^{6}$$y has a potential to contribute to radiation dose over an extended period of time after the implementation of HLW disposal. The inventory estimation of $$^{93}$$Zr in HLW confirmed by measured data is the key to realize a safe and cost-efficient disposal. In this study, a simple and robust analytical technique for the determination of $$^{93}$$Zr based on ion-exchange chromatography combined with ICP-MS was developed. Interference-free measurement was achieved by a single anion-exchange step, removing Sr, Nb, and Mo which would cause spectral interferences. Additionally, major component U and radioactive components, such as Cs, Ba, and Pu, were also removed concurrently. Concentration of $$^{93}$$Zr was readily calculated with measured isotope ratios of $$^{93}$$Zr/$$^{91}$$Zr in the sample and natural Zr-spiked sample with sufficient accuracy.

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