検索対象:     
報告書番号:
※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
 年

Distinct dissociation kinetics between ion pairs; Solvent-coordinate free-energy landscape analysis

溶液中会合イオンの解離カイネティクスの多様性; 溶媒座標自由エネルギー地形解析

米谷 佳晃

Yonetani, Yoshiteru

Different ion pairs exhibit different dissociation kinetics: however, while the nature of this process is vital for understanding various molecular systems, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, to examine the origin of different kinetic rate constants for this process, molecular dynamics simulations were conducted for LiCl, NaCl, KCl, and CsCl in water. The results showed substantial differences in dissociation rate constant. Analysis of the free-energy landscape with a solvent reaction coordinate and subsequent rate component analysis showed that the differences in these rate constants arose predominantly from the variation in solvent-state distribution between the ion pairs. The formation of a water-bridging configuration, in which the water molecule binds to an anion and a cation simultaneously, was identified as a key step in this process: water-bridge formation lowers the related dissociation free-energy barrier, thereby increasing the probability of ion-pair dissociation. Consequently, a higher probability of water-bridge formation leads to a higher ion-pair dissociation rate.

Access

:

- Accesses

InCites™

:

パーセンタイル:37.35

分野:Chemistry, Physical

Altmetrics

:

[CLARIVATE ANALYTICS], [WEB OF SCIENCE], [HIGHLY CITED PAPER & CUP LOGO] and [HOT PAPER & FIRE LOGO] are trademarks of Clarivate Analytics, and/or its affiliated company or companies, and used herein by permission and/or license.