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Liquefaction interaction between oxidized Zircaloy and other fuel assembly components of BWR in the early stage of fuel assembly degradation

BWRの燃料集合体崩落の初期における酸化ジルカロイとその他の燃料構成部材の間の液相化反応

徳島 二之; 柴田 裕樹; 倉田 正輝; 澤田 明彦*; 坂本 寛*

Tokushima, Kazuyuki; Shibata, Hiroki; Kurata, Masaki; Sawada, Akihiko*; Sakamoto, Kan*

ジルカロイとその他の燃料構成部材との間の液相化反応への酸化膜の抑制効果を調査するために、2種類の試験を実施した。試験の結果、典型的な事故条件下で形成すると推測される酸化膜よりも薄い厚さであるわずか30マイクロメートルの酸化膜においても、ステンレスの融点以下の温度においては、顕著な液相化反応への抑制効果を持つことが確認された。また、酸化膜はガスの流れが制限される部材間の狭い領域においても形成することが確認され、上部端栓の上部タイプレートの内側の隙間においても液相化反応は抑制効果は十分に確認された。一方、軸方向の酸化膜において厚さの違いが確認された。酸化膜厚さの成長速度を詳細に評価する際には、水蒸気量を正しく見積もる必要があると考えられる。

Two type tests were performed to examine the prevention effect of the oxide layers to liquefaction interaction between Zircaloy and core component materials. The oxide layer of Zircaloy was clearly confirmed to prevent the liquefaction interaction under the temperature of melting point of stainless steel even if the oxide layer on Zircaloy of approximately 30 micro meters, which is thinner than it is predicted to be formed under typical accident condition. The oxide layers were able to be formed even in the region where the gas flow is significantly limited by narrow arrangement. Although the oxide layers at the inner position of upper end plug was hard to form, the prevention effect of the oxide layers was sufficiently observed. The axial variation of the thickness of the oxide layers was observed. It suggested that variation of partial pressure of H$$_{2}$$O should be considered to evaluate the growth rate of the oxide layers for detail.

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