検索対象:     
報告書番号:
※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
 年

High-pressure radiative conductivity of dense silicate glasses with potential implications for dark magmas

高圧下における重いケイ酸塩ガラスの放射熱伝導度に関する研究

村上 元彦*; Goncharov, A. F.*; 平尾 直久*; 増田 亮*; 三井 隆也; Thomas, S. M.*; Bina, C. R.*

Murakami, Motohiko*; Goncharov, A. F.*; Hirao, Naohisa*; Masuda, Ryo*; Mitsui, Takaya; Thomas, S. M.*; Bina, C. R.*

The possible presence of dense magmas at Earth's core mantle boundary is expected to substantially affect the dynamics and thermal evolution of Earth's interior. However, the thermal transport properties of silicate melts under relevant high-pressure conditions are poorly understood. Here we report in situ high pressure optical absorption and synchrotron M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopic measurements of iron enriched dense silicate glasses, as laboratory analogues for dense magmas, up to pressures of 85 GPa. Our results reveal a significant increase in absorption coefficients, by almost one order of magnitude with increasing pressure to $$sim$$50 GPa, most likely owing to gradual changes in electronic structure. This suggests that the radiative thermal conductivity of dense silicate melts may decrease with pressure and so may be significantly smaller than previously expected under core-mantle boundary conditions. Such dark magmas heterogeneously distributed in the lower mantle would result in significant lateral heterogeneity of heat flux through the core mantle boundary.

Access

:

- Accesses

InCites™

:

パーセンタイル:48.95

分野:Multidisciplinary Sciences

Altmetrics

:

[CLARIVATE ANALYTICS], [WEB OF SCIENCE], [HIGHLY CITED PAPER & CUP LOGO] and [HOT PAPER & FIRE LOGO] are trademarks of Clarivate Analytics, and/or its affiliated company or companies, and used herein by permission and/or license.