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Extending water retention curves to a quasi-saturated zone subjected to a high water pressure up to 1.5 Megapascals

高圧力環境における準飽和帯への水分保持曲線の拡張

榊 利博*; 小松 満*; 竹内 竜史

Sakaki, Toshihiro*; Komatsu, Mitsuru*; Takeuchi, Ryuji

瑞浪超深地層研究所で実施される再冠水試験では、飽和度は回復プロセスを理解するために観測するキーパラメータの1つとなる。本報では、水圧上昇による気泡の圧縮に伴う準飽和帯での飽和度増加のプロセスを取りまとめた。砂試料を用いた室内試験によって水圧上昇と飽和度との関係を計測し飽和過程における気泡の圧縮効果について分析した結果、水圧-飽和曲線はボイルの法則を用いた気泡の圧縮を基に推定された関係に従うことを確認した。この観測結果に基づいて、正圧の範囲での水圧-飽和曲線を定義するための数学モデルを構築した。

In the Groundwater Recovery Experiment in Tunnel which is underway at the MIU, water saturation is one of the key parameters to monitor in order to understand the recovery processes. In this study, the process of saturation increase in the quasi-saturated zone where trapped discrete air phase affects saturation due to further increase in water pressure was studied. The relationship between the positive water pressure and saturation was measured by laboratory test using sands with trapped air bubbles and the effect of compression of bubbles on the changes in saturation was analyzed. The experimental results showed that the water pressure-saturation curves closely followed the relationship estimated solely based on the air bubble compression using Boyle's law. Based on this observation, a mathematical model was established to define the water pressure - saturation curve for the region where the water pressure is positive.

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パーセンタイル:91.59

分野:Environmental Sciences

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