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Magnetic structure and quadrupolar order parameter driven by geometrical frustration effect in NdB$$_4$$

Yamauchi, Hiroki; Metoki, Naoto  ; Watanuki, Ryuta*; Suzuki, Kazuya*; Fukazawa, Hiroshi; Chi, S.*; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.*

Neutron diffraction experiments have been carried out to characterize the magnetic structures and order parameters in an intermediate phase of NdB$$_4$$ showing the successive phase transitions at $$T_{rm 0} = 17.2$$ K, $$T_{rm N1} = 7.0$$ K, and $$T_{rm N2} = 4.8$$ K. The observed patterns in phase II ($$T_{rm N1} < T < T_{rm 0}$$) are successfully explained by postulating a planar structure with static magnetic moments in the tetragonal $$ab$$-plane. We have found that the magnetic structure in phase II can be uniquely determined to be a linear combination of noncolinear "all-in/all-out"-type and "vortex"-type antiferromagnetic structures. We propose that the quadrupolar interaction holds the key to stabilizing the noncollinear magnetic structure and quadrupolar order. Here, the frustration in the Shastry - Sutherland lattice would play an essential role in suppressing the dominance of the magnetic interaction.



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Category:Physics, Multidisciplinary



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