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Permeability of granite including macro-fracture naturally filled with fine-grained minerals

細粒鉱物が充填されたマイクロフラクチャーを含む花崗岩の透水係数

奈良 禎太*; 加藤 昌治*; 二里 竜平*; 河野 勝宣*; 佐藤 稔紀; 福田 大祐*; 佐藤 努*; 高橋 学*

Nara, Yoshitaka*; Kato, Masaji*; Niri, Ryuhei*; Kono, Masanori*; Sato, Toshinori; Fukuda, Daisuke*; Sato, Tsutomu*; Takahashi, Manabu*

多くの分野で岩石の透水性に関する情報は重要なものである。特に、き裂や間隙が岩石の物理的特性や移行特性に与える影響を把握することは重要である。地下水の浸透により細粒の鉱物がき裂に充填されるが、このような岩石の透水性については十分調査されていない。このため、本研究では、粘土と鉱脈が充填された岩石の透水試験を実施した。その結果、細粒鉱物が充填されたマイクロフラクチャーを含む供試体の透水係数は健岩部のそれと同等の透水係数であった。粘土を含む場合は透水性が高くなるものの、充填物が無いき裂がある供試体よりは透水性が小さかった。

Information on the permeability of rock is essential for various geoengineering projects. It is especially important to investigate how fractures and pores influence the physical and transport properties of rock. Infiltration of groundwater through the damage zone fills fractures in granite with fine-grained minerals. However, the permeability of rock possessing a fracture naturally filled with fine-grained mineral grains has yet to be investigated. In this study, the permeabilities of granite samples, including a macro-fracture filled with clay and a mineral vein, are investigated. The permeability of granite with a fine-grained mineral vein agrees well with that of the intact sample, whereas the permeability of granite possessing a macro-fracture filled with clay is lower than that of the macro-fractured sample. The decrease in the permeability is due to the filling of fine-grained minerals and clay in the macro-fracture. It is concluded that the permeability of granite increases due to the existence of the fractures, but decreases upon filling them with fine-grained minerals.

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パーセンタイル:29.42

分野:Geochemistry & Geophysics

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