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Urea-substituted ionic liquid for the extraction and separation of Pd(II) and Pt(IV)

Pd(II)およびPt(IV)の抽出および分離に関するウレア置換されたイオン液体

上田 祐生 

Ueda, Yuki

溶媒抽出法において使用する揮発性の有機溶媒の代替物として、イオン液体(IL)が注目されている。これまでに白金族金属(PGM)の分離を目的としたILを用いた抽出系は多数報告されているが、単一の抽出剤を使用した抽出系における、PdとPtの個別分離が可能な系は報告されていない。本研究では、PdおよびPtの個別分離を目的として、ウレア基を有する新規イミダゾリウム系ILを合成し、PdおよびPtに対する抽出能の評価を行った。その結果、従来のILでは達成されていなかったPdとPtの個別分離が達成された。さらに、抽出機構の解析から、PdとPtそれぞれの抽出機構の違いを明らかにした。

The separation and recovery of PGM is carried out by a hydrometallurgy process mainly based on a solvent extraction method. In recent years, development of alternative solvents for such volatile organic solvents has been advanced. Ionic liquids (IL) has attracted substantial interest in many fields as a green alternative solvent due to their non-volatile, non-flammable, and thermally stable properties. Task-specific ionic liquids (TSIL) that functionalized by incorporating ligating group can give the extraction ability for metal ions. Many extraction systems using IL and TSIL aimed at separating PGM have been reported so far, however there is no extraction system that achieves individual separation of Pd and Pt by one type of TSIL. In this study, imidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl) imide type TSIL incorporating a urea group was synthesized and its extraction ability for Pd and Pt was evaluated from a viewpoint the individual separation of Pd and Pt.

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