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Report No.
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Nuclear quantum effects of light and heavy water studied by all-electron first principles path integral simulations

Machida, Masahiko; Kato, Koichiro*; Shiga, Motoyuki

The isotopologs of liquid water, H$$_{2}$$O, D$$_{2}$$O, and T$$_{2}$$O, are studied systematically by first principles PIMD simulations, in which the whole entity of the electrons and nuclei are treated quantum mechanically. The simulation results are in reasonable agreement with available experimental data on isotope effects, in particular, on the peak shift in the radial distributions of H$$_{2}$$O and D$$_{2}$$O and the shift in the evaporation energies. It is found that, due to differences in nuclear quantum effects, the H atoms in the OH bonds more easily access the dissociative region up to the hydrogen bond center than the D (T) atoms in the OD (OT) bonds. The accuracy and limitation in the use of the current density-functional-theory-based first principles PIMD simulations are also discussed. It is argued that the inclusion of the dispersion correction or relevant improvements in the density functionals are required for the quantitative estimation of isotope effects.

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Category:Chemistry, Physical

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