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Elastic and dynamical structural properties of La and Mn-doped SrTiO$$_{3}$$ studied by neutron scattering and their relation with thermal conductivities

Kajimoto, Ryoichi ; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Murai, Naoki; Shamoto, Shinichi; Honda, Takashi*; Ikeda, Kazutaka*; Otomo, Toshiya*; Hata, Hiroto*; Eto, Takahiro*; Noda, Masaaki*; Kuwahara, Hideki*; Okuda, Tetsuji*

The electron-doped SrTiO$$_{3}$$ exhibits good thermoelectric properties, which makes this material a promising candidate of an n-type oxide thermoelectric device. Recent studies indicated that only a few percent co-doping of La and Mn in SrTiO$$_{3}$$ substantially reduces the thermal conductivity, thereby greatly improving the thermoelectric figure of merit at room temperature. Our time-of-flight neutron scattering studies revealed that by doping both La and Mn into SrTiO$$_{3}$$, the inelastic scattering spectrum shows a momentum-independent increase in the low-energy spectral weight approximately below 10 meV. The increase in the low-energy spectral weight exhibits a clear correlation with thermal conductivity. The correlation is attributed to dynamical and local structural fluctuations caused by the Jahn-Teller instability in Mn$$^{3+}$$ ions coupled with the incipient ferroelectric nature of SrTiO$$_{3}$$, as the origin of the low thermal conductivity.

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Category:Multidisciplinary Sciences

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