Elastic and dynamical structural properties of La and Mn-doped SrTiO studied by neutron scattering and their relation with thermal conductivities
梶本 亮一 ; 中村 充孝 ; 村井 直樹 ; 社本 真一 ; 本田 孝志*; 池田 一貴*; 大友 季哉*; 畑 博人*; 江藤 貴弘*; 野田 正亮*; 桑原 英樹*; 奥田 哲治*
Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Murai, Naoki; Shamoto, Shinichi; Honda, Takashi*; Ikeda, Kazutaka*; Otomo, Toshiya*; Hata, Hiroto*; Eto, Takahiro*; Noda, Masaaki*; Kuwahara, Hideki*; Okuda, Tetsuji*
The electron-doped SrTiO exhibits good thermoelectric properties, which makes this material a promising candidate of an n-type oxide thermoelectric device. Recent studies indicated that only a few percent co-doping of La and Mn in SrTiO substantially reduces the thermal conductivity, thereby greatly improving the thermoelectric figure of merit at room temperature. Our time-of-flight neutron scattering studies revealed that by doping both La and Mn into SrTiO, the inelastic scattering spectrum shows a momentum-independent increase in the low-energy spectral weight approximately below 10 meV. The increase in the low-energy spectral weight exhibits a clear correlation with thermal conductivity. The correlation is attributed to dynamical and local structural fluctuations caused by the Jahn-Teller instability in Mn ions coupled with the incipient ferroelectric nature of SrTiO, as the origin of the low thermal conductivity.