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Isotope ratio measurement of Pd recovered from spent nuclear fuel with LA-ICP-MS

Asai, Shiho; Ohata, Masaki*; Yomogida, Takumi  ; Saeki, Morihisa*; Oba, Hironori*; Hanzawa, Yukiko ; Horita, Takuma ; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro 

Safe and cost-effective disposal of radioactive wastes requires reliable evaluation of the amount of the radionuclides found in such wastes. Measurement of $$^{107}$$Pd, one of the radionuclides that are necessary to be evaluated, is associated with highly radioactive sample (e.g., spent nuclear fuel sample), resulting in only a few data in published forms. We separated Pd as a precipitate from a spent nuclear fuel sample and then determined the precise amount of $$^{107}$$Pd. However, the method needed dissolution of the Pd precipitate to carry it to the sample introduction system of ICP-MS. In this study, we tried direct measurement of the Pd precipitate with laser-ablation (LA)-ICP-MS that enables solid sample measurement. The diameters of the recovered Pd precipitates were less than 500 nm, which is much smaller than the ablation spot. This allowed Pd to be uniformly vaporized, leading to sufficiently stable signals with high precisions equivalent to those of conventional ICP-MS.

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