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Simulation analysis on local damage to reinforced concrete panels subjected to oblique impact by different projectiles, 1; Comparison of impact behavior for rigid projectiles with flat and hemispherical nose shape

異なる飛翔体の斜め衝突によるRC版の局部損傷に関するシミュレーション解析,1; 先端形状が円筒及び半球の剛飛翔体による衝突挙動の比較

Kang, Z.; 永井 穣*; 西田 明美; 坪田 張二; Li, Y.

Kang, Z.; Nagai, Minoru*; Nishida, Akemi; Tsubota, Haruji; Li, Y.

剛飛翔体の衝突に伴う構造物の局部破壊については、その破壊様式に応じて多くの評価式が提案されている。既往の評価式は、構造物に対して垂直に衝突する実験結果から導かれた実験式が主であり、斜め衝突に関する研究はほとんど行われていないのが現状である。本研究では、実験結果および解析結果に基づき飛翔体の斜め衝突に対する評価式を提案することを最終目的とする。これまでに、実験結果との比較により解析手法の妥当性を確認するとともに、妥当性が確認された解析手法を用いて、先端形状が円筒型の剛・柔飛翔体の衝突を受ける鉄筋コンクリート(RC)版の局部損傷評価について検討してきた。本稿では同様の解析手法を用いて、先端形状が半球型・円筒型の剛飛翔体の斜め衝突によるRC版の局部損傷評価結果を分析し、飛翔体の先端形状の違いによるRC版の局部損傷への影響評価について得られた知見を報告する。

Many empirical formulae have been proposed for evaluating the local damage to reinforced concrete (RC) structures caused by rigid projectile impact. The majority of these formulae aim at impact tests perpendicular to target structures, while few impact tests oblique to the target structure have been studied. The final objective of this study is to propose a new formula for evaluating the local damage to RC structures caused by oblique impact based on past experimental and simulation results. The finite element code LS-DYNA R7.1.2 is used to perform the numerical analysis by adopting Lagrangian finite elements and explicit time integration. So far, we validated the analytical method by comparison with the experimental results and conduct the simulation analysis of impact assessment on RC panel by rigid/soft projectile with flat nose shape using the validated approach. Results of reduction coefficient with respect to rigid/soft projectile and impact angle were obtained. Therefore, in this study, we focus on the impact problems caused by rigid projectile with hemispherical nose shape. The same analytical method is used to simulate the local damage to RC panels caused by oblique impact of rigid projectile with hemispherical nose shape. The results associated with penetration depth of RC structure, energy contribution ratio, etc. are presented. According to the comparison analysis of results of local damage to RC structure by rigid projectiles with flat and hemispherical nose shape, the influence of different nose shapes of rigid projectile on the local damage of RC panels caused by oblique impact is investigated.

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