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Optimizing long-term monitoring of radiation air dose rates

空間線量率の長期モニタリングの最適化

Wainwright, Haruko*; Oroza, C.*; Sun, D.*; 関 暁之; 三上 智  ; 斎藤 公明

Wainwright, Haruko*; Oroza, C.*; Sun, D.*; Seki, Akiyuki; Mikami, Satoshi; Saito, Kimiaki

本研究では、空間線量率のモニタリングの測定場所を最適化するための方法を開発した。この手法は、(1)学校や規制された場所などの重要な場所に優先順位を付ける、(2)汚染物質の移動と分布に影響を与えることが知られている主要な環境条件にあわせて場所を変化させる、(3)領域全体の空間線量率の不均一性をとらえる、という手順をとる。この手法により、測定場所の数を増やすと、線量率の不均一性をよりよく捉えることができるが、一定数の測定場所を超えると、推定誤差は減少しないことがわかった。また、既存の測定場所または道路沿いの測定場所などの制限がある場合、同じ数の測定場所でも推定が不十分になることがわかった。

In this work, we have developed a methodology for optimizing the sampling locations of radiation air dose-rate monitoring. Three steps are taken in order to determine sampling locations in a systematic manner: (1) prioritizing the critical locations, such as schools or regulatory requirement locations, (2) diversifying locations across the key environmental controls that are known to influence contaminant mobility and distributions, and (3) capturing the heterogeneity of radiation air dose rates across the domain. Our results have shown that increasing the number of sampling locations can better capture the heterogeneity of dose rates, although the estimation error does not decrease further after a certain number of samples. We have also found that when there are restrictions such as pre-existing monitoring locations or the ones along roads, the spatial estimation becomes poor even with the same number of monitoring locations.

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