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Dose estimation in the recycling of removed soil for land reclamation

土地造成への除去土壌の再利用に係る線量評価

島田 亜佐子; 根本 宏美*; 澤口 拓磨; 武田 聖司

Shimada, Asako; Nemoto, Hiromi*; Sawaguchi, Takuma; Takeda, Seiji

福島県内で発生した除去土壌の再生資材を埋戻材として土地造成に再利用した場合の作業者や周辺居住者,土地造成地の利用者の被ばく線量を評価した。土地造成地は、草本または木本が植栽された後、スポーツや森林浴などに利用されることを想定した。木本植栽の場合は、埋戻材から樹木に放射性セシウムが移行することを想定し、埋戻材に加え、放射性セシウムを取り込んだ立木や伐採木、リターフォールにより生成する堆積有機物層からの外部被ばく等について評価を行った。その結果から、年間の被ばく線量が1mSvを超えないための$$^{134}$$Csと$$^{137}$$Cs濃度レベルを算出した。加えて、供用期間中の一般公衆の被ばく線量が年間10$$mu$$Svを超えないために必要な覆土の厚さも算出した。さらに、算出された放射能濃度レベルの埋戻材の利用時に、津波や火災、集中豪雨が起こった場合の作業者や一般公衆の被ばく線量が年間1mSvを超えないことを確認した。これらの評価結果に基づき、土地造成に再利用可能な除去土壌の再生資材の放射能濃度を求めた。

After treatments such as sieve classification and washing of decontamination soil taken in Fukushima prefecture, recycling of the treated soil in which radioactivity concentration level is relatively low to public engineering works is invented to reduce the amount of the decontamination soil that must be disposed of. In the present study, dose estimation for workers and the public was conducted from the viewpoint of application of recycling material of decontamination soil for land reclamation by considering exposure pathways from the construction to the servicing of the land as a greenery-covered area. In the case of revegetation with trees, uptake of Cs into trees was considered and the exposure from trees, trimmed or thinned trees, and organic deposit made from litter fall were evaluated. From the results, the concentration levels of radiocesium, $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs, for which the annual effective exposure dose does not exceed 1 mSv/y was calculated. In addition, the thickness of the cover soil required to maintain the exposure dose lower than 10 $$mu$$Sv/y for the public during servicing was ascertained. Furthermore, disasters were considered; for instance, by considering that tsunamis, fires, and concentrated heavy rain can increase exposure doses based on changes in the conditions of the reclamation land, we confirmed that the additional exposure dose during disaster and rehabilitation is lower than 1 mSv/y. Based on these evaluation results, we determined the concentration levels amenable to recycling.

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