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ホットラボの廃止措置と将来計画,3

Decommissioning program and future plan for Research Hot Laboratory, 3

椎名 秀徳; 小野 勝人; 西 雅裕; 宇野 希生; 金沢 浩之; 大井 龍一; 二瓶 康夫

Shiina, Hidenori; Ono, Katsuto; Nishi, Masahiro; Uno, Kiryu; Kanazawa, Hiroyuki; Oi, Ryuichi; Nihei, Yasuo

日本原子力研究開発機構(以下、機構という。)原子力科学研究部門原子力科学研究所のホットラボは、日本初の照射後試験施設として、1961年に建設された。施設は、コンクリートケーブ10基、鉛セル38基を備え、機構内外における核燃料物質及び原子炉材料の照射挙動の研究・開発に貢献してきたが、2003年4月から廃止措置を開始した。2010年からはウランマグノックス用鉛セル12基の解体・撤去作業を実施中である。「解体撤去工事は、セル周辺機器の解体撤去、セル内汚染レベル調査に続き、背面扉引抜き、グリーンハウス及び揚重架台の設置、天井・側面板の解体撤去、セル前面部遮蔽体である鉛ブロックの解体の順で実施した。」セル内面の放射性汚染部の剥離には、ストリッパブルペイント等を用いた固着汚染除去方法を用いた。今後も、安全を確保しつつ解体工事の効率化や廃棄物の減容化に向けた取り組みを確実に進める。

The Research Hot Laboratory (RHL) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) was constructed in 1961, as the first one in Japan, to perform the examinations of irradiated fuels and materials. RHL consists of 10 heavy concrete cells and 38 lead cells. RHL contributed to research and development program in or out of JAEA for the investigation of irradiation behavior for fuels and nuclear materials. However, RHL is the one of target as the rationalization program for decrepit facilities in former Tokai institute. Therefore the decommissioning works of RHL started on April 2003. The dismantling of 12 lead cells has been progressing since 2010. The dismantling procedure of lead cells was performed in the following order. The peripheral equipment in lead cells were removed and contamination survey of the inner surface of the cells. Then, the backside shield doors were extracted. The lifting frame for the isolation tent was set on the cells. After that, the ceiling plates, isolation walls and lead blocks were removed. The strippable paint was used to remove permeable contamination on the inner surface of structural steel of the cells. The dismantling work will be continued to mention the efficiency of decommissioning works and reduction of radioactive waste with ensuring safety.

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