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Analytical study of perforation damage to reinforced concrete slabs subjected to oblique impact by projectiles with different nose shapes

先端形状が異なる飛翔体衝突を受ける鉄筋コンクリート板構造の貫通損傷への影響評価に関する解析的検討

Kang, Z.; 奥田 幸彦; 西田 明美; 坪田 張二; Li, Y.

Kang, Z.; Okuda, Yukihiko; Nishida, Akemi; Tsubota, Haruji; Li, Y.

飛翔体衝突を受ける鉄筋コンクリート板構造の局部損傷については、板構造に対して垂直に衝突する研究が主であり、斜め衝突に関する研究はほとんど行われていないのが現状である。われわれはこれまでに、既往実験結果との比較により解析手法の妥当性を確認するとともに、妥当性が確認された解析手法を用いて、先端形状が平坦型の飛翔体の衝突を受ける板構造の局部損傷評価について衝突角度に着目して検討してきた。本研究では、飛翔体の先端形状の違いが板構造の局部損傷評価に与える影響を評価することを目的とし、上記解析手法を用いて先端形状が半球型の飛翔体による板構造を対象とした斜め衝突の場合の解析を実施した。本論文では、剛飛翔体の先端形状の違いによる鉄筋コンクリート板構造の貫通損傷への影響評価について得られた知見を報告する。

Plenty of researches have been carried out to establish a rational assessment method for nuclear power plants against local damage caused by accidental projectile impact. Most of the empirical formulas have been proposed for quantitatively investigating the local damage to reinforced concrete (RC) structures caused by rigid projectile impact. These formulas have been derived on the basis of impact tests performed perpendicular to the target structure, while few impact tests oblique to the target structures have been studied. The final objective of this study is to propose a new formula for evaluating the local damage to RC structures caused by oblique impact based on experimental and simulation results. At present, we have validated an analytical method via comparison with experimental results and have conducted simulation analyses of oblique impact assessments on RC slab using various projectiles with flat nose shape by this method. In this study, the same analytical method will be applied to investigate the perforation damage to RC slab subjected to oblique impact by projectiles with hemispherical nose shape. In this paper, the effects of projectile's nose shape on the local damage of RC slab, the residual velocity of projectile and the time history of energy transmission will be discussed.

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