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Study on eutectic melting behavior of control rod materials in core disruptive accidents of sodium-cooled fast reactors, 4; Validation of a multi-phase model for eutectic reaction between stainless steel and boron carbide

ナトリウム冷却高速炉の炉心損傷事故時の制御棒材の共晶溶融挙動に関する研究,4; ステンレス鋼と炭化ホウ素の共晶反応のための多相モデルの検証

Liu, X.*; 守田 幸路*; 山野 秀将  

Liu, X.*; Morita, Koji*; Yamano, Hidemasa

これまで炭化ホウ素(B$$_{4}$$C)とステンレス鋼(SS)の共晶反応を模擬する物理モデルを2次元高速炉安全解析コードSIMMER-IIIに組み込んできた。共晶反応に係る実験的知見に基づき、共晶反応物質の生成は放物型法則に従ってモデル化された。固相と液相における共晶成分を含む炉心物質間の熱及び物質移動については平衡及び非平衡過程を考慮して相変化をモデル化した。共晶成分の物性値は5mass%B$$_{4}$$Cの実験で得られた計測値に基づき定式化された。本研究では、共晶反応モデルをSIMMER-IIIの3次元版SIMMER-IVに拡張した。溶融SSプールにB$$_{4}$$Cペレットを浸漬した実験に基づき、開発モデルを組み込んだSIMMER-IIIとSIMMER-IVの検証を実施した。プール内のボロン濃度が実験で計測されており、固化後のボロン濃度が解析結果と比較された。解析結果は実験結果と同等の結果を得た。

In our previous study, a two-dimensional fast reactor safety analysis code, SIMMER-III, was extended to include a physical model to simulate the eutectic reaction between stainless steel (SS) and B$$_{4}$$C. Based on experimental knowledge on eutectic reaction, the growth of eutectic material was modeled according to a parabolic rate law. Heat and mass transfer behaviors among reactor materials including a eutectic composition in solid and liquid phases were also modeled considering both equilibrium and non-equilibrium processes in phase change. Physical properties of the eutectic composition were also formulated based on experimental measurements for 5 mass% B$$_{4}$$C-SS composition. In this study, we extended the eutectic reaction model to SIMMER-IV, a three-dimensional counterpart of SIMMER-III. We performed validation analysis using SIMMER-III and SIMMER-IV with the developed model based on an experiment, where a B$$_{4}$$C pellet was immersed into a molten SS pool. Boron concentration in the pool was measured at several time points and the boron concentration after solidification of the molten pool was compared with the experiment post analysis result. Simulation results of boron distribution are comparable to the experimental results.

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