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コンター法を用いた実構造物の残留応力計測

Practical measurement of residual stresses using contour method

生島 一樹*; 柴原 正和*; 河尻 義貴*; 沖見 優衣*; 内田 友樹*; 秋田 貢一*; 鈴木 裕士; 諸岡 聡

Ikushima, Kazuki*; Shibahara, Masakazu*; Kawajiri, Yoshitaka*; Okimi, Yui*; Uchida, Tomoki*; Akita, Koichi*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Morooka, Satoshi

本研究では、コンター法を用いてビードオンプレート試験片の残留応力分布を測定した。測定した残留応力分布を中性子回折法で測定した残留応力分布と熱弾性塑性有限要素法で計算した残留応力分布を比較した。その結果、これら3つの方法で得られた残留応力分布は良好に一致していることがわかった。また、実構造物の測定で想定される非対称切削における残留応力を測定するためのコンター法では、切削面上の反力の平衡を考慮した。提案手法をマルチパス溶接継手の残留応力測定に適用した。測定結果から、提案手法は非対称試験片におけるマルチパス溶接継手の残留応力分布を測定できることが示した。

In this research, the contour method was applied to measure the residual stress distribution of a bead-on-plate specimen. The measured residual stress distribution was compared with those measured by neutron diffraction method and calculated by thermal elastic plastic finite element analysis. As a result, it was found that the residual stress distribution obtained by these three methods are in good agreement. In addition, the equilibrium of reaction force on cut plane was considered in the contour method to measure residual stresses in asymmetric cutting which is assumed in the measurement of real structures. The proposed method was applied to the measurement of the residual stress in the multi-pass welded joint. The measured results indicated that the proposed method can measure the residual stress distribution in multi-pass welded joint in asymmetric test specimen.

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