Hybridization of Bogoliubov quasiparticles between adjacent CuO layers in the triple-layer cuprate BiSrCaCuO studied by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy
Ideta, Shinichiro*; Johnston, S.*; Yoshida, Teppei*; Tanaka, Kiyohisa*; Mori, Michiyasu ; Anzai, Hiroaki*; Ino, Akihiro*; Arita, Masashi*; Namatame, Hirofumi*; Taniguchi, Masaki*; Ishida, Shigeyuki*; Takakura, Kenichi*; Kojima, Kenji M*; Devereaux, T. P.*; Uchida, Shinichi*; Fujimori, Atsushi*
Hybridization of Bogoliubov quasiparticles (BQPs) between the CuO layers in the triple-layer cuprate high-temperature superconductor BiSrCaCuO is studied by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). In the superconducting state, an anti-crossing gap opens between the outer- and inner-BQP bands, which we attribute primarily to interlayer single-particle hopping with possible contributions from interlayer Cooper pairing. We find that the -wave superconducting gap of both BQP bands smoothly develops with momentum without abrupt jump in contrast to a previous ARPES study. Hybridization between the BQPs also gradually increases in going from the off-nodal to the anti-nodal region, which is explained by the momentum-dependence of the interlayer single-particle hopping. As possible mechanisms for the enhancement of the superconducting transition temperature, the hybridization between the BQPs, as well as the combination of phonon modes of the triple CuO layers and spin fluctuations are discussed.