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Report No.

Evolution of the reaction and alteration of mudstone with cement leachate; Flow experiments and reactive-transport modelling

Bateman, K.; Amano, Yuki   ; Tachi, Yukio  

The use of cement for geological disposal repository will result in the development of a highly alkaline porewater, pH $$>$$ 12.5 in the case of Ordinary Portland cement (OPC). The fluid will migrate into and react with the host rock. The chemistry of the migrating fluid will evolve over time, initially being high in Na and K, evolving to a Ca rich fluid and finally returning to the groundwater composition. This evolving fluid chemistry will affect the long-term performance of the repository altering the physical and chemical properties of the host rock. This study focused on the alteration due to OPC-type leachates on mudstone from the Horonobe URL, Hokkaido, Japan, by coupling the sequential flow tests and the reactive transport modelling. The reaction of the mudstone with the successive OPC leachates demonstrated its chemical buffering capacity, leading to a reduction in pH, the dissolution of primary minerals with Ca and Si concentrations being controlled by C-S-H phase precipitation. However, when the fluid returns to the natural background groundwater composition the C-S-H phases re-dissolve, which would potentially release any sorbed radionuclides. The experimental data was used to validate a reactive transport model generating increased confidence in its predictive capabilities.



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