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Experimental evidence for common driving effects in low-energy fission from sublead to actinides

鉛からアクチノイドの低エネルギー核分裂における核分裂機構の実験研究

Schmitt, C.*; Lemasson, A.*; Schmidt, K.-H.*; Jhingan, A.*; Biswas, S.*; Kim, Y. H.*; Ramos, D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Curien, D.*; Ciemala, M.*; Cl$'e$ment, E.*; Dorvaux, O.*; De Canditiis, B.*; Didierjean, F.*; Duch$^e$ne, G.*; Dudouet, J.*; Frankland, J.*; Jacquot, B.*; Raison, C.*; Ralet, D.*; Retailleau, B.-M.*; Stuttg$'e$, L.*; Tsekhanovich, I.*

Schmitt, C.*; Lemasson, A.*; Schmidt, K.-H.*; Jhingan, A.*; Biswas, S.*; Kim, Y. H.*; Ramos, D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Curien, D.*; Ciemala, M.*; Cl$'e$ment, E.*; Dorvaux, O.*; De Canditiis, B.*; Didierjean, F.*; Duch$^e$ne, G.*; Dudouet, J.*; Frankland, J.*; Jacquot, B.*; Raison, C.*; Ralet, D.*; Retailleau, B.-M.*; Stuttg$'e$, L.*; Tsekhanovich, I.*

Isotopic distributions of fragments from fission of the neutron-deficient $$^{178}$$Hg nuclide are reported. This experimental observable is obtained for the first time in the region around lead using an innovative approach based on inverse kinematics and the coincidence between the large acceptance magnetic spectrometer VAMOS++ and a new detection arm close to the target. The average fragment $$N/Z$$ ratio and prompt neutron $$Mn$$ multiplicity are derived and compared with current knowledge from actinide fission. A striking consistency emerges, revealing the unexpected dominant role of the proton subsystem with atomic number between the $$Z$$ = 28 and 50 magic numbers. The origin of nuclear charge polarization in fission and fragment deformation at scission are discussed.

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分野:Physics, Multidisciplinary

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