Orlandi, R.; 牧井 宏之; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; 浅井 雅人; 塚田 和明; 佐藤 哲也; 伊藤 由太; 洲嵜 ふみ; 永目 諭一郎*; et al.
Physical Review C, 106(6), p.064301_1 - 064301_11, 2022/12
The nuclear structure of Cf produced by the O+Cf multinucleon transfer reaction was investigated using -ray spectroscopy. Analysis of the -ray spectrum of Cf revealed the presence of multiple long-lived (isomeric) excited states at low excitation energies. The energies and half-lives of the isomers contain information on the proton and neutron orbits in the heavy-element region and the deformation of atomic nuclei, and are important data to predict the properties of nuclei in the "island of stability".
Zhang, W. Q.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Liu, Z.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Huang, H.*; 他37名*
Physical Review C, 106(2), p.024317_1 - 024317_11, 2022/08
The neutron-deficient Bi and Po isotopes have been studied by -ray spectroscopy using the recoil-decay tagging technique with the Argonne Gas-Filled Analyzer. A new 0.25(5)-micro second isomeric state and a prompt cascade formed by 319-, 366-, and 462-keV rays have been established on top of the (10) -decaying isomer in Bi. The first excited (2) state in Po was identified, its excitation energy of 242(2) keV continues the nearly constant trend for the first 2 states in Po. The state is most likely a member of a prolate rotational band built on the ground state, albeit mixing with other coexisting configurations cannot be excluded. The new results obtained in the present work provide new information to shape coexistence in bismuth and polonium isotopes near the neutron midshell at = 104. In this mass region, a reduction in the prompt -ray yield obtained with recoil decay tagging was observed for a few nuclides, and the possible reasons are presented.
Zhang, M. M.*; Tian, Y. L.*; Wang, Y. S.*; Zhang, Z. Y.*; Gan, Z. G.*; Yang, H. B.*; Huang, M. H.*; Ma, L.*; Yang, C. L.*; Wang, J. G.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 106(2), p.024305_1 - 024305_6, 2022/08
The extremely neutron-deficient even-even uranium isotopes U were produced in the complete-fusion reactions induced by impinging Ar and Ca ions on W targets. Fusion evaporation residues were separated in flight by the gas-filled recoil separator SHANS (Spectrometer for Heavy Atoms and Nuclear Structure) and subsequently identified using the recoil--correlation method. In this paper, we report on new -decay activities with keV for U and keV for U, which decay from the 8 isomeric states of U into the 2 states of their daughter nuclei Th, respectively. The new results extend the systematics of the -decay fine structure for the = 124 and 126 even-even isotones.
Zhang, W. Q.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Liu, Z.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Huang, H.*; Li, Z. H.*; Li, J. G.*; Guo, C. Y.*; 他34名*
Physics Letters B, 829, p.137129_1 - 137129_7, 2022/06
Prompt and delayed -ray spectroscopy of the neutron-deficient, semi-magic isotope Pb has been performed at the Argonne Gas-Filled Analyzer. A new 5.15(15)-s isomeric state at only 308 keV above the spherical 3/2 ground state is identified and classified as a shape isomer. A strongly-coupled band is observed on top of the isomer, which is nearly identical to the one built on the prolate 7/2 Nilsson state in the isotone Hg. Based on this similarity and on the result of the potential-energy surface calculations, the new isomer in Pb is proposed to originate from the same configuration. The retarded character of the 308-keV transition can be well explained by the significant difference between the prolate parent and spherical daughter configurations, leading to the shape isomerism. The combined results of the present work and the previous -decay and laser spectroscopy studies present evidence for triple shape coexistence at low energy in the negative-parity configurations of Pb, which is well reproduced by the potential-energy surface calculations.
Venhart, M.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Cubiss, J. G.*; Wood, J. L.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Van Beveren, C.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; de Groote, R. P.*; 他19名*
Physical Review C, 105(3), p.034338_1 - 034338_9, 2022/03
The neutron-deficient region of isotopes around =82 is the best studied example of low-energy shape coexistence in nuclei. In this work, the internal transition decay and decay of the 53.3-ms isomeric state in Tl were studied at ISOLDE, CERN. The branching for the internal decay was measured to be 98.5(4)%, while the much weaker decay branching is only about 1.4(4)%. The new results include the first identification of an transition feeding the 3/2 excited state in Tl. Three decays from the Tl isomer were also oserved, and revealed the population of a candidate 9/2 state in Au which has been linked to shape coexistence in the Au nuclei. It is expected that similarly weak decays from isomeric states may be found also in neighbouring Tl isotopes.
Barzakh, A. E.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Atanasov, D.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Harding, R. D.*; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; 他38名*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 513, p.26 - 32, 2022/02
The yield of 18 beams of radioactive gold nuclei produced by irradiating the ISOLDE uranium target with 1.4-GeV protons was measured. The production-efficiency dependence on the half-life was derived using the in-target production calculations. Three release models were tested to describe the results. Irregularities in the efficiency curve for 3 long-lived high-spin gold isomers (Au) were found, which require further investigation.
Kozulin, E. M.*; Knyazheva, G. N.*; Itkis, I. M.*; Itkis, M. G.*; Mukhamejanov, Y. S.*; Bogachev, A. A.*; Novikov, K. V.*; Kirakosyan, V. V.*; Kumar, D.*; Banerjee, T.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 105(1), p.014607_1 - 014607_12, 2022/01
Asymmetric fission in the neutron-deficient Hg region was first observed about 10 years ago at ISOLDE, and caused a revision of the current understanding of fission in this region. In this work, the fission of Hg and Pd were studied using the time-of-flight spectrometer CORSET at the Flerov Laboratory in Dubna. The observed fission fragments mass distributions of the different isotopes suggest the presence of four concurrent fission modes, one symmetric and three asymmetric fission modes. The asymmetric modes differ in the total kinetic energies and fragment mass splits. These results point out the existence of a well deformed proton shell at =36 and a less deformed proton shell at =46.
Andel, B.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Blazhev, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Lica, R.*; Nadja, H.*; Stryjczyk, M.*; 他52名*
Physical Review C, 104(5), p.054301_1 - 054301_13, 2021/11
A new -decaying state in Bi has been identified at the ISOLDE Decay Station at the CERN-ISOLDE facility. A preferred assignment was suggested for this state based on the -decay feeding pattern to levels in Po and shell-model calculations. The half-life of the state was deduced to be min. The deexcitation of the levels populated in Po by the decay of this state was investigated via coincidences and a number of new levels and transitions were identified. Shell-model calculations for excited states in Bi and Po were performed using two different effective interactions: the H208 and the modified Kuo-Herling particle interaction. Both calculations agree on the interpretation of the new -decaying state as an isomer and allow for the tentative assignment of shell-model states to several high-spin states in Po.
Day Goodacre, T.*; Afanasjev, A. V.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Nies, L.*; Marsh, B. A.*; Sels, S.*; Perera, U. C.*; Ring, P.*; Wienholz, F.*; Andreyev, A. N.; et al.
Physical Review C, 104(5), p.054322_1 - 054322_18, 2021/11
Combining laser spectroscopy with Penning-trap mass spectroscopy at the Isolde facility at CERN, the charge radii of neutron-rich mercury isotopes Hg were successfully measured. Furthermore, more precise values for the masses of Hg was obtained, as well as the magnetic moment of Hg. These results were used to understand the systematics of Hg isotopes across the =126 shell closure. Comparison with covariant density functional theory calculations revealed that in particular the 1 and 2 neutron orbitals affect the evolution of charge radii.
Barzakh, A.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Raison, C.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; 他53名*
Physical Review Letters, 127(19), p.192501_1 - 192501_7, 2021/11
The changes in the mean-square charge radius (relative to Bi, magnetic moments and quadrupole moments of the neutron-deficient bismuth isotopes Bi were measured at ISOLDE (CERN). In the experiment, the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique was employed, which permits to study isotopes produced with rates as low as 0.1/sec. The radii of Bi manifest a large staggering, corresponding to a sudden increase of the radius of Bi relative to its Bi neighbors. This staggering effect occurs at neutron number =105, where shape staggering was also observed in the mercury isotopes. Experimental results were compared with state-of-the-art mean-field calculations, which permit to identify the quasiparticle configurations compatible with the observed spin, parity and magnetic moment of the newly observed states.
Doherty, D. T.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Seweryniak, D.*; Woods, P. J.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; Auranen, K.*; Ayangeakaa, A. D.*; Back, B. B.*; Bottoni, S.*; Canete, L.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 127(20), p.202501_1 - 202501_6, 2021/11
Bi is the heaviest known proton emitting isotope. Its decay had been observed, but the assumed ground-state lifetime (s) was incorrect, leading to unexplained hindrance. With two new experiments at Argonne National Laboratory, two states were clearly identified. One is the proton-emitting ground-state (spin 1/2, half-life: 2.8 s), the second is a 58(2) s -decaying isomer. The new data show the inversion of the ground and isomeric states compared to neighboring Bi isotopes. This is the only known example of a ground-state proton decay to a daughter nucleus (Pb) with a major shell closure.
Bogachev, A. A.*; Kozulin, E. M.*; Knyazheva, G. N.*; Itkis, I. M.*; Itkis, M. G.*; Novikov, K. V.*; Kumar, D.*; Banerjee, T.*; Diatlov, I. N.*; Cheralu, M.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 104(2), p.024623_1 - 024623_11, 2021/08
Hg及びPb核の非対称及び対称核分裂モードの研究のため、Ar + Sm,Ca + Sm反応で生成したHg及びPbの質量-エネルギー分布の測定を行った。クーロン障壁エネルギー近傍のエネルギーにおいて、質量-エネルギー分布は二重アーム飛行時間型スペクトロメータCORSETを用いて測定し、以前に測定したPb同位体と比較した。結論として、HgとPb核の非対称核分裂の研究特性はZ36では変形した陽子殻の存在を、Z46では変形しない陽子殻の存在を指摘した。
Harding, R. D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; 他26名*
Physical Review C, 104(2), p.024326_1 - 024326_16, 2021/08
A detailed nuclear spectroscopy study of Au was performed at ISOLDE, CERN. This work provides new insights into the low-lying levels in the daughter nuclei Ir. For Au, the nuclear magnetic moments of a high spin and low spin state were determined and used to predict the most likely configuration of each level. Their -decay branching ratios were also extracted: a 58(5)% branching for the low-spin state, and 29(5)% for the high-spin state.
Brunet, M.*; Podolyk, Zs.*; Berry, T. A.*; Brown, B. A.*; Carroll, R. J.*; Lica, R.*; Sotty, Ch.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Borge, M. J. G.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 103(5), p.054327_1 - 054327_13, 2021/05
The structure of Po populated through the EC/ decay of At is investigated using -ray spectroscopy at the ISOLDE Decay Station. The presented level scheme contains 27 new excited states and 43 new transitions, as well as a further 50 previously observed rays which have been (re)assigned a position. Through the analysis using the shell model calculations approximately half of the -decay strength of At is found to proceed via allowed decay and half via first-forbidden decay. The first-forbidden transitions predominantly populate core excited states at high excitation energies, which is qualitatively understood using shell model considerations.
Gillespie, S. A.*; Stott, A.*; Andreyev, A. N.; 他30名*
Physical Review C, 103(4), p.044307_1 - 044307_9, 2021/04
Proton-rich Au isotopes are an excellent laboratory to study shape coexistence and isomerism at low excitation energies. In this work, two new isomeric states were found in the odd-odd nuclide Au in an experiment at RITU in JYFL, Jyvaskyla. These two isomers significantly extend the current knowledge of this nucleus and pave the way to future in beam studies where they will be used to tag new gamma rays. Possible spin assignments for the new isomeric states are proposed. Finally, the new data will help clarify the poorly known -decay scheme of two long-lived states in the Tl to Au decay chain.
Schmitt, C.*; Lemasson, A.*; Schmidt, K.-H.*; Jhingan, A.*; Biswas, S.*; Kim, Y. H.*; Ramos, D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Curien, D.*; Ciemala, M.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 126(13), p.132502_1 - 132502_6, 2021/04
Isotopic distributions of fragments from fission of the neutron-deficient Hg nuclide are reported. This experimental observable is obtained for the first time in the region around lead using an innovative approach based on inverse kinematics and the coincidence between the large acceptance magnetic spectrometer VAMOS++ and a new detection arm close to the target. The average fragment ratio and prompt neutron multiplicity are derived and compared with current knowledge from actinide fission. A striking consistency emerges, revealing the unexpected dominant role of the proton subsystem with atomic number between the = 28 and 50 magic numbers. The origin of nuclear charge polarization in fission and fragment deformation at scission are discussed.
Zhang, Z. Y.*; Yang, H. B.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Liu, M. L.*; Ma, L.*; 他37名*
Physical Review Letters, 126(15), p.152502_1 - 152502_6, 2021/04
A new -emitting isotope U, produced by the fusion-evaporation reaction W(Ar,4n)U, was identified by employing the gas-filled recoil separator SHANS and the recoil- correlation technique. More precise -decay properties of even-even nuclei U were also measured in the reactions of Ar, Ca beams with W targets. By combining the experimental data, improved -decay reduced widths for the even-even Po-Pu nuclei in the vicinity of the magic neutron number = 126 are deduced. Their systematic trends are discussed in terms of the scheme in order to study the influence of proton-neutron interaction on decay in this region of nuclei. It is strikingly found that the reduced widths of U are significantly enhanced by a factor of two as compared with the systematics for the 84 90 and 126 even-even nuclei. The abnormal enhancement is interpreted by the strong monopole interaction between the valence protons and neutrons occupying the 1 and 1 spin-orbit partner orbits, which is supported by the large-scale shell model calculation.
渡邉 寛*; 渡辺 裕*; 平山 賀一*; Andreyev, A. N.; 橋本 尚志*; Kondev, F. G.*; Lane, G. J.*; Litvinov, Yu. A.*; Liu, J. J.*; 宮武 宇也*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 814, p.136088_1 - 136088_6, 2021/03
The decay of Re, which lies near the boundary between the regions of predicted prolate and oblate deformations, has been investigated using the KEK Isotope Separation System (KISS) in RIKEN Nishina Center. The ground state of Re has been assigned = based on the observed feedings and deduced log values towards the and states in Os, which is known as a typical -soft nucleus. The shape transition from axial symmetry to axial asymmetry in the Re isotopes is discussed from the viewpoint of single-particle structure using the nuclear Skyrme-Hartree-Fock model.
Day Goodacre, T.*; Afanasjev, A. V.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Marsh, B. A.*; Sels, S.*; Ring, P.*; 中田 仁*; Andreyev, A. N.; 他36名*
Physical Review Letters, 126(3), p.032502_1 - 032502_7, 2021/01
The charge radii of Hg have been studied for the first time and those of Hg remeasured by laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE (CERN). The characteristic kink in the charge radii at the = 126 shell closure has been revealed, providing the first information on its behavior below the = 82 shell closure. By a theoretical analysis, it is demonstrated, contrary to previous interpretations, that both the kink at = 126 and the odd-even staggering can be described predominantly at the mean-field level and that pairing does not need to play a crucial role in their origin.
Vermeulen, M. J.; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Kean, K. R.; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; Tsekhanovich, I.*; Andreyev, A. N.; 石崎 翔馬*; et al.
Physical Review C, 102(5), p.054610_1 - 054610_11, 2020/11
Fission fragment mass distributions for 23 nuclei (U, Np, Pu, Am, Cm, and Bk) were measured using the multi-nucleon transfer approach in the reaction of O+Np, and their excitation-energy dependence was obtained up to a maximum of 70 MeV. Among them, the low energy fission of Np, Pu, and Cm is reported for the first time. The experimental data for all the studied nuclei were compared to the Langevin calculations. The calculation which takes into account the effects of multi-chance fission well reproduced the peak-to-valley ratio and mass-asymmetric peak positions of the distributions. The angular momenta given to the fissioning nucleus is also discussed.